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While the West is curtailing abortion rights, the Medical Termination of Pregnancy (Amendment) Act, Surrogacy Regulation Act and Prohibition of Child Marriage (Amendment) Bill, 2021, collectively give new meaning to women empowerment in India. Critically analyse.

Topic: Role of women and women’s organization, population and associated issues, poverty and developmental issues, urbanization, their problems and their remedies.

3. While the West is curtailing abortion rights, the Medical Termination of Pregnancy (Amendment) Act, Surrogacy Regulation Act and Prohibition of Child Marriage (Amendment) Bill, 2021, collectively give new meaning to women empowerment in India. Critically analyse. (250 words)

Difficulty level: Moderate

Reference: The HinduIndian Express

Why the question:

The U.S. stands at that fraught juncture now, after its Supreme Court, in a 6-3 majority, overturned the 1973 ruling in Roe vs Wade, and took away the constitutional right to abortion.

Key Demand of the question:

To write about various laws which have given choice and empowered Indian women and its successes and limitations.

Directive word: 

Critically analyze – When asked to analyse, you must examine methodically the structure or nature of the topic by separating it into component parts and present them in a summary. When ‘critically’ is suffixed or prefixed to a directive, one needs to look at the good and bad of the topic and give a balanced judgment on the topic.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction: 

Begin by giving context of overturning of Roe v Wade in U.S.A and its implications.

Body:

First, write about the Medical Termination of Pregnancy (Amendment) Act – it major features, its successes and limitations.

Next, write about the Surrogacy Regulation Act – it major features, its successes and limitations.

Next, write about the Prohibition of Child Marriage (Amendment) Bill, 2021,– it major features, its successes and limitations.

Conclusion:

Conclude with a way forward to overcome the limitations.