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[MISSION 2023] Insights SECURE : Daily UPSC Mains Answer Writing Practice: 21 June 2022

 

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General Studies – 1


 

Topic: Indian culture will cover the salient aspects of Art Forms, literature and Architecture from ancient to modern times.

1. Examine the short-term and long-term outcomes of the tri-partite struggle. Do you think tri-partite struggle paved way for invasions in the early medieval India? (250 words)

Difficulty level: Easy

Reference: Insights on India

Why the question:

The question is part of the static syllabus of General studies paper – 1 and mentioned as part of Mission-2023 Secure timetable.

Key Demand of the question:

To write about the short-term and long-term outcomes of the tri-partite struggle and its role in facilitating invasions in early medieval India.

Directive word:

Examine – When asked to ‘Examine’, we must investigate the topic (content words) in detail, inspect it, investigate it and establish the key facts and issues related to the topic in question. While doing so we should explain why these facts and issues are important and their implications.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction: 

Begin by giving context and mentioning the participants in the tri-partite struggle.

Body:

First, write about the short-term impact of the tri-partite struggle – long drawn out, war of attrition, indecisive for long etc.

Next, write about the long-term impact of the tri-partite struggle – lack of central authority, pan India empire, mutual animosity.

Next, write to what extent did tri-partite struggle play a part in invasions of India.

Conclusion:

Conclude by writing a balanced judgement forward.

 

Topic: Indian culture will cover the salient aspects of Art Forms, literature and Architecture from ancient to modern times.

2. Discuss the role of Yoga in bringing body, mind, and spirit into balance.  How can it help in furthering humanity in the post-Covid world? (250 words)

Difficulty level: Moderate

Reference: Indian Express

Why the question:

International Yoga Day is observed every year on June 21st to raise awareness about the importance and benefits of yoga.

Key Demand of the question:

To write about the advantages of Yoga and its role in furthering humanity.

Directive word:

Discuss – This is an all-encompassing directive – you must debate on paper by going through the details of the issues concerned by examining each one of them. You must give reasons for both for and against arguments.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction: 

Start by giving context.

Body:

First, in brief, write about the origins of Yoga in ancient India.

Next, write about the advantages offered by performing Yoga by bringing body, mind, and spirit into balance.

Next, write about the role of yoga in furthering humanity in the post covid world.

Conclusion:

Conclude by summarising.

 


General Studies – 2


 

Topic: Indian Constitution—historical underpinnings, evolution, features, amendments, significant provisions and basic structure.

3. At times, judiciary assumes the role of the legislature and proposes new laws and regulations that the legislative body should have enacted instead. However, judiciary may have transgressed its jurisdiction, violating the doctrine of separation of powers. Critically analyse. (250 words)

Difficulty level: Tough

Reference: The HinduInsights on  India

Why the question:

Recently, the Allahabad High Court, while allowing two criminal revisions pertaining to a dowry case, took cognisance of the misuse of Section 498A of the Indian Penal Code (IPC), proposed certain safeguards and directed the State authorities of Uttar Pradesh to take the necessary steps for their implementation in a given time period.

Key Demand of the question:

To write about the judicial activism and how it may turn in to judicial overreach.

Directive word: 

Critically analyze – When asked to analyse, you must examine methodically the structure or nature of the topic by separating it into component parts and present them in a summary. When ‘critically’ is suffixed or prefixed to a directive, one needs to look at the good and bad of the topic and give a balanced judgment on the topic.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction: 

Begin by defining judicial activism

 Body:

First, write about the need of judicial activism. Substantiate using various examples where judicial activism has overcome the limitations of executive and legislature.

Next, write about how judicial activism can turn it judicial overreach and its impact.

Next, write about the ways to check judicial activism from becoming overreach.

Conclusion:

Conclude with a way forward.

 


General Studies – 3


 

Topic: Indian Economy and issues relating to planning, mobilization, of resources, growth, development and employment.

4. While the Insolvency and Bankruptcy Code (IBC) has successfully chartered a new era in the history of bankruptcy resolution in India, it needs reform in order to speed up resolution and recovery from insolvency firms. Analyse. (250 words)

Difficulty level: Moderate

Reference: Live MintInsights on India

Why the question:

As the Narendra Modi government celebrates “Azadi ka Amrit Mahotsav”, an initiative to commemorate 75 years of independence, it is worth assessing the success of India’s bankruptcy code, which is arguably one of the most progressive commercial laws brought into force in recent times by the country, providing companies with the “freedom of exit”.

Key Demand of the question:

To write about the successes of IBC and reforms needed in it to make it more holistic.

Directive word: 

Analyse – When asked to analyse, you must examine methodically the structure or nature of the topic by separating it into component parts and present them in a summary.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction: 

Begin by writing about Insolvency and Bankruptcy Code (IBC) its aims and objectives.

Body:

First, list down the various features and achievements of IBC since its introduction.

Next, write about the various limitations in the performance of IBC.

Next, write about the reform that is needed to ensure that IBC performance leads to strengthening of its supporting role in capital formation and economic growth of the country.

Conclusion:

Conclude with a way forward.

 

Topic: Conservation, environmental pollution and degradation, environmental impact assessment.

5. What is single-use plastic and what are the concerns associated with it? How can it be successfully phased out in the country? (250 words)

Difficulty level: Easy

Reference: Indian ExpressInsights on India

Why the question:

The Centre has banned the use of ‘single-use plastic’ from July 1. The Ministry for Environment, Forest and Climate Change had issued a gazette notification last year announcing the ban, and has now defined a list of items that will be banned from next month.

Key Demand of the question:

To write about concerns associated single use plastic and ways to successfully phase it out.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction: 

Begin by defining single use plastic and give statistic related to plastic waste generation in India.

Body:

First, write about the concerns associated with single use plastic – usually goes into a landfill where it is buried or it gets into the water and finds its way into the ocean, releases toxic chemicals, affects Endocrine system which can cause cancer, infertility, birth defects, impaired immunity and many other ailments etc

Next, write about the ways in which singe use plastic can be phased out in the country and ensure its successful ban.

Conclusion:

Conclude with a way forward.

 

Topic: money laundering and its prevention

6. Despite multiple efforts to end the menace of black money, it has remained a ‘unsolvable problem’ for India. How does black money impact the country? Discuss the measures that are needed to put an end to it. (250 words)

Difficulty level: Moderate

Reference: Indian ExpressInsights on India

Why the question:

The latest report of Indian funds in Swiss banks growing to a 14-year high did not evoke the kind of anger such news used to at the time of the India against Corruption movement.

Key Demand of the question:

To write unending menace of black money, its impact and measures needed to end it.

Directive word: 

Discuss – This is an all-encompassing directive – you must debate on paper by going through the details of the issues concerned by examining each one of them. You must give reasons for both for and against arguments.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction: 

Begin by giving context of black money in India.

Body:

First, write about the various measures undertaken to tackle black money in India – Black Money (Undisclosed Foreign Income and Assets) and Imposition of Tax Act, 2015, Double Taxation Avoidance Agreements (DTAAs), etc. Also, write about the limitations in ending  black money menace.

Next, write about the impact of black money on various facets.

Next, write about the measures that are needed to end black money menace in the country.

Conclusion:

Conclude with a way forward.

 


General Studies – 4


 

Topic: Aptitude and foundational values for Civil Service, integrity, impartiality and nonpartisanship, objectivity, dedication to public service, empathy, tolerance and compassion towards the weaker-sections.

7. What do you think are the cardinal ethical attributes in a Civil Servant? How can these be inculcated? (150 Words)

Difficulty Level: Moderate

Why the question:

The question is part of the static syllabus of General studies paper – 4 and part of ‘Conceptual Tuesdays’ in Mission-2022 Secure.

Directive word: 

Key Demand of the question: To write about most important ethical attributes of civil servants and ways to inculcate them.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction:

Begin by mentioning the role of cardinal ethical values of civil servants as per you.

Body:

First, list down the ethical values of civil servants and justification behind their need.

Next, write about how these ethical values be inculcate among the civil servants so that they remain ethical and efficient.

Conclusion:

Conclude by summarising.


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