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Haryana grants NOC to Mahyco for field trials of BT cotton variety

GS Paper 3

Syllabus: Science and Tech

 

Context:

Haryana government has issued a no-objection certificate (NOC) to seed major Mahyco to conduct field trials on BG-2 RRF, a herbicide-tolerant and insect-resistant variety of BT cotton. BG-2 RRF can provide protection against devastating pest attacks such as American Bollworm.

Other steps:

India has allowed commercial use of BG-1 and BG-2 GM cotton in the country while the approval for the BG-2 RRF has been pending at various stages.

Central government had for the first time exempted certain types of genome-edited crops from the stringent regulations applicable on genetically modified or GM crops, paving the way for further R&D on them.

Other countries: Many have either developed or approved for commercial cultivation of vegetables, fruits, oilseeds and cereals developed through genome editing such as Gamma-aminobutyric acid or GABA tomato, high oleic canola and soybean, non-browning mushroom etc.

China too approved guidelines for genome editing that will spur research into crops that have high yields and are resistant to pests and climate change.

 

Prelims and Mains link:

To know more about BT Cotton: Click here

 

Practice Questions:

Q. What are the reasons for the people’s resistance to the introduction of Bt brinjal in India?

  1. Bt brinjal has been created by inserting a gene from a soil fungus into its genome.
  2. The seeds of Bt brinjal are terminator seeds and therefore, the farmers have to buy the seeds before every season from the seed companies.
  3. There is an apprehension that the consumption of Bt-brinjal may have adverse impact on health.
  4. There is some concern that the introduction of Bt-brinjal may have adverse effect on the biodiversity.

Select the correct answer using the codes given below:

(a) 1, 2 and 3 only

(b) 2 and 3 only

(c) 3 and 4 only

(d) 1, 2, 3 and 4

Answer: C