Print Friendly, PDF & Email

Sustained growth of the India’s older population presents many socio-economic challenges. We must quickly recognize the scope of the new demographic reality and adjust current policies accordingly. Discuss.

Topic: population and associated issues

2. Sustained growth of the India’s older population presents many socio-economic challenges. We must quickly recognize the scope of the new demographic reality and adjust current policies accordingly. Discuss. (250 words)

Difficulty level: Moderate

Reference: The Hinduinsights on India

Why the question:

A national survey carried out by the NGO HelpAge India has shown that as many as 47% of elderly people are economically dependent on their families for income and 34% are relied on pensions and cash transfers, while 40% of the surveyed people have expressed the desire to work “as long as possible”, highlighting the need to pay greater attention to social security of senior citizens in the country.

Key Demand of the question:

To write about the socio-economic issues faced by the elderly and the need to accommodate the same in the policy making.

Directive word: 

Discuss – This is an all-encompassing directive – you must debate on paper by going through the details of the issues concerned by examining each one of them. You must give reasons for both for and against arguments.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction: 

Begin by citing statistic regarding the elderly population in India.

Body:

First, write about the various issues with population aging – affects economic growth, formal and informal social support systems, and the ability of states and communities to provide resources for older citizens.

Next, write about the various policies framed so far for welfare of senior citizens and their limitations.

Next, write about the changes that are needed in the above policies.

Conclusion:

Conclude by writing a way forward.