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What are the factors behind the continuance of child labour in India? Can universal social protection help end the menace of child labour? Examine.

Topic: population and associated issues, poverty and developmental issues, urbanization, their problems and their remedies.

3. What are the factors behind the continuance of child labour in India? Can universal social protection help end the menace of child labour? Examine. (250 words)

Difficulty level: Moderate

Reference: Money Control

Why the question:

World Day Against Child Labour 2022: This year, the day is being marked with the theme “universal social protection to end child labour”.

Key Demand of the question:

To write about the causes behind child labour menace and role of universal social protection in ending it.

Directive word: 

Examine – When asked to ‘Examine’, we must investigate the topic (content words) in detail, inspect it, investigate it and establish the key facts and issues related to the topic in question. While doing so we should explain why these facts and issues are important and their implications.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction: 

Begin by giving statistic relating to child labour in India. 

Body:

First, write about the various measures to curb child labour and reasons for its continuance despite it – Poverty, inequality, lack of educational opportunities, slow demographic transition, traditions and cultural expectations etc.

Next, write about universal social protection – what it is, how it can help in curbing child labour. Cite examples and facts. Also, mention its shortcomings and how that can be addressed.

Conclusion:

Conclude with a way forward and importance of ending child labour in achieving SDG’s.