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The simmering discontent of the tribal people broke out into popular uprisings in different parts of India at different points of time due to the shared experience of colonial oppression. Elaborate.

Topic: Modern Indian history from about the middle of the eighteenth century until the present- significant events, personalities, issues.

2. The simmering discontent of the tribal people broke out into popular uprisings in different parts of India at different points of time due to the shared experience of colonial oppression. Elaborate. (250 words)

Difficulty level: Easy

Reference: Insights on India

Why the question:

The question is part of the static syllabus of General studies paper –1.

Key Demand of the question:

To write about how various forms of oppression resulted in various tribal revolts and its significance.

Directive word: 

Elaborate – Give a detailed account as to how and why it occurred, or what is the context. You must be defining key terms wherever appropriate and substantiate with relevant associated facts.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction:

Start by mentioning that eighteenth and the nineteenth centuries witnessed many tribal uprisings against the oppression of ruling class.

Body:

Mention about the various issues faced by tribals such as imposition of a high land revenue demand by the state, corrupt practices, the colonial policies further aggravating their hardships such as destruction of Indian handloom and handicraft industries eviction of peasants from their lands, encroachment on tribal lands etc, money lenders, eviction etc. Cite a few instances of peasant and tribal revolts such as Bhil, Mappila, Santhal etc to substantiate your points.

Next, Write about its significance of these tribal revolts.

Conclusion:

Conclude by mentioning that in the long run up to the National freedom struggle, the Peasants and tribals struggle evolved and became part of main stream national movement eventually.