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Cauvery Water Management Authority (CMA):

GS Paper 2:

Syllabus: Statutory, regulatory and various quasi-judicial bodies.

 

Context:

The Cauvery Water Management Authority (CWMA) will take up the Mekedatu Balancing Reservoir-cum-Drinking Water Project of the Karnataka government for discussion at its upcoming meeting.

  • The “acceptance” of the CWMA would be a “prerequisite” for consideration of the detailed project report by the Advisory Committee of the Ministry.

 

What is Mekedatu Project?

It is a multi-purpose balancing reservoir project over Mekedatu.

Current AffairsCurrent Affairs
  • It is aimed at solving the drinking water problems of Bengaluru.
  • This project was also touted as one that could generate hydroelectricity to meet the power demand in the state.

 

Why does Tamil Nadu object?

  1. The state contended that “the proposed reservoir would affect the natural flows of the river Cauvery.
  2. It argued that Cauvery was already a deficit basin and the construction of the project, or any other project “would drastically affect the lower riparian State in getting their due share of waters.
  3. The total annual quantum prescribed by the Supreme Court for Tamil Nadu is 177.25 thousand million cubic feet (tmc ft) in a year. Of this, 80 tmc ft is estimated to be coming from the “uncontrolled catchments” below Kabini and KRS. The Mekedatu project will interfere with the flow of this portion of the State’s due.

 

In depth analysis of Mekedatu Project:

  • Reference: read this.

 

About CWMA:

It has been created as per the Cauvery Management Scheme earlier framed by Centre and approved by Supreme Court.

 

Composition and Powers of CMA:

  1. The authority will comprise a chairman, a secretary and eight members.
  2. Out of the eight members, two will be full time, while two will be part time members from centre’s side.
  3. Rest four will be part time members from states.

 

Functions:

  • The funmain mandate of the CMA will be to secure implementation and compliance of the Supreme Court’s order in relation to “storage, apportionment, regulation and control of Cauvery waters”.
  • CMA will also advise the states to take suitable measures to improve water use efficiency.
  • It will do so by promoting use of micro-irrigation, change in cropping patterns, improved farm practices and development of command areas.
  • The CMA will also prepare an annual report covering its activities during the preceding year.

 

Role of Central Government:

The central government will provide help in implementation of the modified award in case of any of the state /UT parties (Tamil Nadu, Kerala, Karnataka and Puducherry) do not cooperate in implementing the decision or direction of the tribunal. Initially, centre will contribute Rs. 2 crore for the functioning of the authority.

 

Insta Curious:

Do you know about the Cauvery Management Scheme? What are the components of the scheme? Reference.

 

InstaLinks:

Prelims Link:

  1. Tributaries of Cauvery.
  2. Basin states.
  3. Important falls and dams across the river.

 

Q.3) Consider the following statements:

  1. Cauvery Water Management Authority (CWMA) has been created as per the Cauvery Management Scheme earlier framed by Centre and approved by Supreme Court.
  2. The authority is headed by the Prime Minister.

Which of the above statements is/are correct?

  1. 1 only.
  2. 2 only.
  3. Both.
  4. None.

Sources: the Hindu.