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What role did India play in the Cold War as a non-aligned country? Discuss the key learnings from Cold War period that India can apply in the present Russia-Ukraine conflict.

Topic: History of the world will include events from 18th century such as industrial revolution, world wars, redrawal of national boundaries, colonization, decolonization, political philosophies like communism, capitalism, socialism etc.— their forms and effect on the society.

1. What role did India play in the Cold War as a non-aligned country? Discuss the key learnings from Cold War period that India can apply in the present Russia-Ukraine conflict. (250 words)

Difficulty level: Tough

Reference: Insights on IndiaInsights on India

Why the question:

The question is part of the static syllabus of General studies paper – 1.

Key Demand of the question:

Highlight nature of engagement of NAM countries with the superpowers. Evaluate the role played by India, as a member of NAM and learnings from it in the present day.

Directive:

Discuss – This is an all-encompassing directive – you must debate on paper by going through the details of the issues concerned by examining each one of them. You must give reasons for both for and against arguments.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction:

Introduce NAM, and the background in which it emerged.

Body:

Elaborate on the role played by NAM in easing tensions between the superpowers by citing examples. Note how NAM did not practise isolationism or neutrality.

Proceed to write the role played by India as part of NAM, and key learnings from it and its application  Russia-Ukraine war.

Conclusion:

End your answer noting that India continues to embrace NAM, mentioning PM Modi’s attendance at the 2020 summit and him referring to NAM as the “world’s moral voice”.