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[MISSION 2022] Insights SECURE 2022 : Daily UPSC Mains Answer Writing Practice: 1 March 2022

 

 

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General Studies – 1


 

Topic :  Indian culture will cover the salient aspects of Art Forms, literature and Architecture from ancient to modern times.

1. The journey of Indian literature is rooted in diversity and marked with a shift in theme, ideas and styles. Substantiate with examples (250 Words)

Difficulty level: Difficult

Why the question:

The question is part of the static syllabus of General studies paper – 1 and mentioned as part of Mission-2022 Secure timetable.

Key Demand of the question:

Write about shifting themes and directions of Indian literature.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction: 

Give a brief intro to Indian literature

Body:

Trace the evolution of Indian Literature with focus on changing themes, ideas and styles.

E.g. Earliest literature: There were no rules and no separation between singing, poetry, dance and philosophy etc. Poetry dominated prose. Themes were mainly religious.

Medieval times: Newer forms of literature developed (e.g. Dohas by Kabir), languages diversified, Use of Persian languages and poetry.

Modern times: Indian writers tried to emulate West, emergence of reformation literature e.g. Ram Mohan Roy’s ‘Precepts of Jesus’

Conclusion:

Rapidly advancing technology and the digital world have reduced the gap between the author and the reader. It has encouraged many youngsters to take up literature in a serious way. Self-publication and digital platforms, new avatars like science fiction, flash fiction, Instagram poetry has got evolved in the present times

  

Topic:  Indian culture will cover the salient aspects of Art Forms, literature and Architecture from ancient to modern times.

2. Assess the role played by Rabindranath Tagore and Abanindranath Tagore in the emergence of the Bengal School of Art. (250 Words)

Difficulty level: Moderate

Reference: NCERT

Why the question:

The question is part of the static syllabus of General studies paper – 1 and mentioned as part of Mission-2022 Secure timetable.

Key Demand of the question:

Contributions of each in the genesis of Bengal School of Art

Structure of the answer:

Introduction: 

Briefly introduce Bengal School of Art

Body:

Write about the emergence of Bengal School of Art, its features and contribution of each –

E.g. Emergence: As a reaction to the company paintings promoted by British

Features: Based on Indian Traditions, Influence of Ajanta Paintings, Linear Delicacy, etc.

Contribution of Abanindranath Tagore: Creator of ‘Indian society of Oriental Art’, promoted National Indian Styles withing colonial art institutions.

Contributions of Rabindranath Tagore: He opened up his house to young artists, and started the ‘vichitra club’. He created ‘Kala Bhavan’ at Viswa Bharati University in 1919.

Conclusion:

Thus, both played a major role in the emergence and development of Bengal School of Art.

 


General Studies – 2


 

Topic: Parliament and State Legislatures – structure, functioning, conduct of business, powers & privileges and issues arising out of these

3. The anti-defection law that was designed to eliminate political defection, is rather being misused to facilitate defection. Do you agree? Comment (150 Words)

Difficulty Level: Moderate

Reference: The Indian Express

Why the question:

A recent judgment relating to defection in Goa Assembly is in news, and hence the interpretation of related schedule

Key Demand of the question:

Mention the purpose, issues and recommendations relating to Defection provisions

Directive word:

Comment– here we must express our knowledge and understanding of the topic and form an overall opinion thereupon

 Structure of the answer:

Introduction:

Brief on the constitutional provisions-Article Numbers, schedule relating to defection

Body:

First, mention in brief the provisions in the Indian constitution relating to defection

Then, highlight the instances where it has facilitated defection, rather than preventing it

Further, mention the issues associated with the provision, with the relevant way forward

Conclusion:

A relevant closing statement

 

Topic: Effect of policies and politics of developed and developing countries on India’s interests

4. Considering the current diplomatic relations, do you think India should remind Russia of its violations during the course of war? Analyze the statement, highlighting the course India should take, in relation to its Foreign Policy prepositions. (250 Words)

Difficulty Level: Moderate

Reference: The Hindu

Why the question:

The actions of India in response to the Russia-Ukraine war are in the news

Key Demand of the question:

The holistic analysis of India’s actions in response to the war and the course it should take with its actions

Directive word:

Analyze- here we have to examine methodically the structure or nature of the topic by separating it into component parts and presenting them as a whole in a summary

Structure of the answer:

Introduction:

Brief on situation and what has been India’s response to it.

Body:

First, focus on India-Russia relations and in what possible ways India can guide Russia, while still keeping up the relations

Analysis of India’s recent responsive actions, can also be provided

Considering the values that India abides by, when it comes to shaping its foreign policy, suggest what course of action India should take in alignment with these values

Conclusion:

A relevant closing statement

 


General Studies – 3


 

Topic: Effects of liberalization on the economy, changes in industrial policy and their effects on industrial growth.

5. Critically analyze the rationale behind divestment of profit-making Public Sector Units (PSUs) and its possible macroeconomic impacts. (250 Words)

Reference: Indian Express

Why this question

The government is going ahead with the disinvestment of its profitable PSUs e.g. LIC through the market route, despite an economic slowdown due to Ukrainian crisis.

Key Demand of the question:

To understand why Governments go for sale of government owned businesses, including transfer of management and control of profitable PSUs and the economic repercussions of the move.

Directive word: 

Critically analyze – When asked to analyze, you must examine methodically the structure or nature of the topic by separating it into component parts and present them in a summary. When ‘critically’ is suffixed or prefixed to a directive, one needs to look at the good and bad of the topic and give a balanced judgment on the topic.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction: 

Begin by mentioning the recent plan to divest government stakes in Profit making PSUs.

Body:

First, mention the intent behind divestment/strategic sale such as greater administrative efficiency of private management, getting rid of loss-making units, rationalization of resources and manpower etc.

In contrast also bring out the reasons for low performance of PSUs despite being profit-making, such as lack of commercial autonomy, lower pecuniary benefits etc.

Also, some PSUs are strategically important e.g. LIC has always been known to be the investor of last resort, intervening in the market to minimise volatility. It has also been proactive in ensuring that several disinvestment plans of the government are fructified by becoming the buyer.

Next, highlight the macroeconomic impacts such as fiscal stimulus in the economy, more resources with the Government for investment in infrastructure projects, loss of jobs etc

Conclusion:

Conclude by stating that divestment/strategic sale must be taken up with utmost caution and only where it is absolutely prudent else it may lead to loss of assets and revenue of the government in the long run.

 

Topic: Role of external state and non-state actors in creating challenges to internal security.

6. As per the latest IPCC report, India is one of the most vulnerable countries globally in terms of the population that will be affected by sea-level rise. Examine the risk, vulnerabilities and adaptation measures needed to mitigate the impact of climate change in India (250 Words)

Reference: Indian Express

Why the question:

The IPCC released the second part of its sixth assessment report on Monday. It deals with climate change impacts, risks and vulnerabilities, and adaptation measures.

Key Demand of the question:

To write about Hybrid warfare and measures that are needed to combat it.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction: 

Begin by giving facts and figures as given by the latest report esp. for India

Body:

Identify various risks and Vulnerabilities that India may have to go through in face of climate change. E.g. Urban India is at greater risk than other areas with a projected population of 877 million by 2050, nearly double of 480 million in 2020.

Then chart out a few adaptation measures to mitigate the impact. If possible, cite examples where these measures have worked successfully.

Conclusion:

Conclude by writing a way forward

 


General Studies – 4


 

7. How has ethics promoted your individual happiness and growth? Explain with personal examples (150 Words)

 


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