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Winds may erode, transport, and deposit materials and are effective agents in regions with sparse vegetation. Discuss.

Topic: Salient features of world’s physical geography.

1. Winds may erode, transport, and deposit materials and are effective agents in regions with sparse vegetation. Discuss. (250 words)

Difficulty level: Moderate

Reference: Insights on India

Why the question:

The question is part of the static syllabus of General studies paper – 1 and mentioned as part of Mission-2022 Secure timetable.

Key Demand of the question:

To write in detail the Aeolian landforms with suitable examples.

Directive word:

Discuss – This is an all-encompassing directive – you must debate on paper by going through the details of the issues concerned by examining each one of them. You must give reasons for both for and against arguments.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction: 

Give a brief about Aeolian landforms and its various types.

Body:

Explain both erosional and depositional landforms caused by the wind action.

Take examples – Zeugen or Rock Mushrooms, Yardangs, Blow Outs, Inselbergs, Desert pavement, Erg  or Sand Sea, Ripples, Barchan, Longitudinal dunes, Transverse Dunes, Star Dunes etc. Write how sparse vegetation plays a part in the formation of the above landforms.

Use suitable diagrams and explain the effect of wind on them.

Conclusion:

Conclude with importance of such factors in shaping landforms.