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Despite being a major agrarian economy, India ranks at 101 out of 116 in the Global Hunger Index. Discuss the cause of such poor performance of India on the Global Hunger Index.

Topic: Issues relating to poverty and hunger.

4. Despite being a major agrarian economy, India ranks at 101 out of 116 in the Global Hunger Index. Discuss the cause of such poor performance of India on the Global Hunger Index. (250 words)

Difficulty level: Easy

Reference: The Hindu

Why the question:

Global Hunger Index ranks India at 101 out of 116 countries

Key Demand of the question: 

To give an account on various factors leading to India’s poor performance in the Global Hunger Index ranking.

Directive word:

Discuss – This is an all-encompassing directive – you must debate on paper by going through the details of the issues concerned by examining each one of them. You must give reasons for both for and against arguments.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction: 

Begin by describing key indicators on which the Global Hunger Index is measured.

Body:

Describe the reasons and impact of hunger in India – status of child mortality, stunting and wasting in India. Highlight the key cause of the poor performance being that mothers are too young, too short, too thin and too undernourished themselves, before they get pregnant, during pregnancy, and then after giving birth, during breast-feeding.

Alongside being a health issue, there are social factors like early marriage etc all of which contribute to the undernourishment, stunting and wasting of children.

Conclusion:

Conclude by mentioning that mothers should be our prime focus both in terms of their health as well as marriageable age, in order to address the root cause of the issue.