Print Friendly, PDF & Email

[MISSION 2022] Insights SECURE 2022 : Daily UPSC Mains Answer Writing Practice: 14 October 2021

 

 

Click on EACH question to post/upload you answers.

How to Follow Secure Initiative?

How to Self-evaluate your answer? 

MISSION – 2022: YEARLONG TIMETABLE

Join IPM 3.0 to get an assured review of 2 secure answers everyday

 


General Studies – 1


 

Topic: Salient features of world’s physical geography.

1. The Ring of Fire, also referred to as the Circum-Pacific Belt, is a path along the Pacific Ocean characterized by active volcanoes and frequent earthquakes. Discuss the reasons for it. (250 words)

Difficulty level: Easy

Reference: Insights on India

Why the question:

The question is part of the static syllabus of General studies paper – 1 and mentioned as part of Mission-2022 Secure timetable.

Key Demand of the question:

To write the reasons for the frequent earthquakes and volcanic activity in the Circum-pacific belt.

Directive word: 

Discuss – This is an all-encompassing directive – you must debate on paper by going through the details of the issues concerned by examining each one of them. You must give reasons for both for and against arguments.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction: 

Begin by defining what is Ring of fire and cite statistic related to the volcanism and eaqrthquake in the region.

Body:

First draw small, neat diagram of Ring of Fire and show its location, shape, and characteristics.

Next, discuss the formation of the Pacific Ring of Fire and explaining the reason behind its active state due to which it hosts the largest number of active volcanoes of the world, its association with plate tectonics. Give some of the important geological features associated with it.

Conclusion:

Conclude by stating relevance of the geographical feature to the world physiography.

 

Topic: Salient features of world’s physical geography.

2. Deltas are incredibly diverse and ecologically as well as economically important ecosystems. Analyse the threats posed by anthropogenic activities to deltas. (250 words)

Difficulty level: Moderate

Reference: Insights on India

Why the question:

The question is part of the static syllabus of General studies paper – 1 and mentioned as part of Mission-2022 Secure timetable.

Key Demand of the question: To write about the ecological and economical importance of deltas and threats posed to human activities to it.

Directive word: 

Analyse – When asked to analyse, you must examine methodically the structure or nature of the topic by separating it into component parts and present them in a summary.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction: 

Start by defining the landform of Delta.

Body:

First, mention about the diversity of deltas and the reasons therefor.

Next, write about the economic significance of deltas across the word. Cite examples.

Next, write about the ecological significance of deltas with examples across the world.

Finally, mention how anthropogenic activities are negatively affecting deltas – cite facts and statistics.

Conclusion:

Conclude by suggesting steps protect deltas.

 


General Studies – 2


 

Topic: Functions and responsibilities of the Union and the States, issues and challenges pertaining to the federal structure, devolution of powers and finances up to local levels and challenges therein.

3. Public order and Police fall entirely in the State sphere, the responsibility of a State Government in regard to these two subjects should be fully respected. However, to meet the security needs of the country, centre can deploy Suo motu its forces in a State. Comment. (250 words)

Difficulty level: Easy

Reference: The Hindu

Why the question:

The Union Home Ministry has enhanced the powers of the Border Security Force (BSF) to “arrest, search and seize” within 50 km from the international boundary in Assam, West Bengal, Punjab, and the union territory of Jammu and Kashmir.

Key Demand of the question:

To analyse the Centre-state relations in the context of India’s quasi-federal structure in the realm of deployment of security forces.

Directive word: 

Comment- here we must express our knowledge and understanding of the issue and form an overall opinion thereupon.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction: 

Begin by giving a brief on the federal structure of India as per our constitutional provisions.

Body:

First, mention that the federal structure of India is not as rigid as the federal structure of USA.

Next, deliberate on the need for a collaborative approach between the Centre and the state in matters of security (internal and external) and that deployment of Union forces should be on a consensus and situational demand basis.

Conclusion:

Conclude by saying that Union should exercise its powers of deployment with caution and without causing insecurity of the states.

 

Topic: Important International institutions, agencies and fora- their structure, mandate.

4. Amidst all the turmoil, the primary principle in any action towards Afghanistan should be guided by humanitarian concerns. Examine. (250 words)

Difficulty level: Tough

Reference: The Hindu

Why the question:

The Group of 20 (G20) has agreed to work together to avoid a humanitarian disaster in Afghanistan, even if it means having to coordinate efforts with the Taliban, Italian Prime Minister Mario Draghi said after hosting an emergency summit.

Key Demand of the question:

To write about the need for taking steps to address the humanitarian crisis in Afghanistan.

Directive word: 

Structure of the answer:

Introduction: 

Begin by giving context about the recent geo-political changes in Afghanistan.

Body:

First, mention the large-scale humanitarian crisis witnessed in Afghanistan in the aftermath of U.S withdrawal. Write about its impact.

Next, mention the need and the steps that are needed to address the crisis holistically. Mention the role India can assume in this.

Next, also mention these humanitarian efforts should also be complemented by boosting security measures.

Conclusion:

Conclude with a way forward.

 


General Studies – 3


 

Topic: Disaster and disaster management.

5. The Climate finance has remained skewed towards mitigation, without ensuring a balance between adaptation and mitigation. Discuss the various mechanisms to achieve Climate finance. (250 words)

Difficulty level: Moderate

Reference: The Hindu

Why the question:

Media reports have claimed that developed countries are inching closer to the target of providing $100 billion annually in climate finance to developing countries by 2025 (the original target was 2020).

Key Demand of the question:

To wrtie about the strategies against climate change and understanding of key role of climate finance.

Directive word:

Discuss – This is an all-encompassing directive – you must debate on paper by going through the details of the issues concerned by examining each one of them. You must give reasons for both for and against arguments

Structure of the answer:

Introduction: 

Begin by giving a brief on Paris agreement and the difference in the adoption and mitigation approach to climate change with respect to the developed and developing nations.

Body:

Mention about Climate financing and mechanisms of it such as the Special Climate Change Fund (SCCF), the Least Developed Countries Fund (LDCF), both managed by the Global Environment Facility (GEF) and the Green Climate Fund (GCF).

Also, mention the need for a balance of mitigation as well as adaptation approaches. The path that should be taken in this regard.

Conclusion:

Conclude by stating that a global unified approach acknowledging the greater threats and challenges faced by the developing nations must be acknowledged by the climate financing mechanisms.

 

Topic: Security challenges and their management in border areas – linkages of organized crime with terrorism.

6. The convergence of technology and terrorism represents the worst kind of feedback loop between the real and the virtual. States, meanwhile, are struggling to respond to this convergence and to balance the imperatives of national security and the freedoms afforded in cyberspace. Critically Analyse. (250 words)

Difficulty level: Moderate

Reference: The Hindu

Why the question:

2021 marks two decades since the attack of 9/11 in USA and it is pertinent to do a fact check on Global preparedness against terrorism especially in the context of fast-growing disruptive technology.

Key Demand of the question: 

To write about the threats posed by the convergence of technology and terrorism and steps that should be taken to prevent it.

Directive word: 

Critically analyze – When asked to analyse, you must examine methodically the structure or nature of the topic by separating it into component parts and present them in a summary. When ‘critically’ is suffixed or prefixed to a directive, one needs to look at the good and bad of the topic and give a balanced judgment on the topic.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction:

Begin by mentioning that terrorist organizations have co-opted technology as a force multiplier in achieving their objectives.

Body:

First, mention about the features of the internet, like end-to-end encryption and virtual private network (VPN), provision of digital currency etc have made it easier than ever for terrorist organizations to find recruits and manage outreach and organization and also launder money for terror financing. Give few instances of terrorist groups using technology to advance their terror activities.

Next, suggest that states to opt for more technology, better technology and skilful deployment of technology against malign actors, need for international co operation and new forums to address the threat of terrorism without borders, need for investments in capacity building, tech firms vigilantism etc all this while maintaining freedom in cyber space.

Conclusion:

Conclude by saying that the new challenges posed by confluence of terrorists and technology needs a new approach by the states to develop a robust counter-terror mechanism.

 


General Studies – 4


 

Topic: Attitude: content, structure, function; its influence and relation with thought and behaviour; moral and political attitudes; social influence and persuasion

7. In the era of competition and commercialisation, it is a herculean task to sustain as a leader who stays true to their ethics. Analyse. (150 words)

Difficulty level: Moderate

Reference: Ethics, Integrity and Aptitude by Lexicon Publications.

Why the question:

The question is part of the static syllabus of General studies paper – 4 and part of ‘Conceptual Tuesdays’ in Mission-2022 Secure.

Key Demand of the question:

To understand the various roles and responsibilities of a leader and the importance of ethics in their work domain

Directive word: 

Analyse – When asked to analyse, you must examine methodically the structure or nature of the topic by separating it into component parts and present them in a summary.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction: 

Begin by defining what is leadership along with few traits of a good leader.

Body:

Highlight the need for an ethical leader in the present context of rising scams and blind race against mere monetary gains of businesses. Give few examples highlighting cases of leadership with and without ethics and its impact on the organisation as well as the society.

Conclusion:

Conclude by summarising the above points highlighting the need for ethical leadership


  • Join our Official Telegram Channel HERE for Motivation and Fast Updates
  • Subscribe to our YouTube Channel HERE to watch Motivational and New analysis videos