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Tracing the development of “One-China Policy”, analyse as to how the civic nationalism of Taiwan is in conflict with the Chinese Communist Party’s nationalist legitimacy. What role did U.S play in this issue?

Topic: Effect of policies and politics of developed and developing countries on India’s interests, Indian diaspora.

3. Tracing the development of “One-China Policy”, analyse as to how the civic nationalism of Taiwan is in conflict with the Chinese Communist Party’s nationalist legitimacy. What role did U.S play in this issue? (250 words)

Difficulty level: Moderate

Reference: The Hindu

Why the question:

China’s President Xi Jinping said “national reunification by peaceful means” with Taiwan “will and can be realised”, speaking amid what Taiwan officials have called the worst tensions in four decades.

Key Demand of the question:

To explain the One-China Policy, the reasons for current conflict between Taiwan and China and role of U.S.A in it.

Directive word: 

Analyse – When asked to analyse, you must examine methodically the structure or nature of the topic by separating it into component parts and present them in a summary.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction: 

Begin by defining the One-China Policy which China hold sacrosanct in establishing diplomatic relations.

Body:

First, trace the development of One-China Policy – in the aftermath of Chinese revolution, the cold war era leading to geostrategic calculations.

Next, write about the present-day conflict between Taiwan and China – The rise of nationalism in Taiwan, their democratic political system etc and contrast it with China. Also, write about why Taiwan matter for China.

Next, write about the role played by U.S in this conflict between China and Taiwan.

Conclusion:

Conclude by stressing on the diplomatic resolution of tensions between China and Taiwan.