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In the 1960’s, the African experience was one of struggle for liberation, for freedom from colonialism and against racial prejudice. Comment.

Topic: History of the world will include events from 18th century such as industrial revolution, world wars, redrawal of national boundaries, colonization, decolonization, political philosophies like communism, capitalism, socialism etc.— their forms and effect on the society.

1. In the 1960’s, the African experience was one of struggle for liberation, for freedom from colonialism and against racial prejudice. Comment. (250 words)

Difficulty level: Moderate

Reference: History of modern world by Jain & Mathur

Why the question:

The question is part of the static syllabus of General studies paper – 1 and mentioned as part of Mission-2022 Secure timetable.

Key Demand of the question:  

To write about the struggle for liberation and independence of African countries as well as racial equality in the 1960’s.

Directive word: 

Comment- here we must express our knowledge and understanding of the issue and form an overall opinion thereupon.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction: 

Start by writing about the wind of change that were witnessed in the 1960’s.

Body:

First, write about the factors that led to the awakening the colonies of Africa leading to their struggle for independence.

Next, elaborate that just a few years on either side of 1960, a wave of struggles for independence was sweeping across Africa. Between March 1957, when Ghana declared independence from Great Britain, and July 1962, when Algeria wrested independence from France after a bloody war, 24 African nations freed themselves from their former colonial masters.

Next, write about the struggle for racial equality in South Africa.

Conclusion:

Conclude by summarising the outcome of the above.