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“The Nuremberg trial sentenced only eleven leading Nazis to death. Many others were imprisoned for life. The Allies did not want to be as harsh on defeated Germany as they had been after the first world war.” Examine.

Topic: History of the world will include events from 18th century such as industrial revolution, world wars, redrawal of national boundaries, colonization, decolonization, political philosophies like communism, capitalism, socialism etc.— their forms and effect on the society.

1. “The Nuremberg trial sentenced only eleven leading Nazis to death. Many others were imprisoned for life. The Allies did not want to be as harsh on defeated Germany as they had been after the first world war.” Examine. (250 words)

Difficulty level: Tough

Reference: History of modern world by jain & Mathur

Why the question:

The question is part of the static syllabus of General studies paper – 1 and mentioned as part of Mission-2022 Secure timetable.

Key Demand of the question:

To write about some of the terms imposed on Germany after the first world war? Why were they regarded as being harsh? What was the eventual outcome of these terms?

Directive word:

Examine – When asked to ‘Examine’, we must investigate the topic (content words) in detail, inspect it, investigate it and establish the key facts and issues related to the topic in question. While doing so we should explain why these facts and issues are important and their implications.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction: 

Begin by writing what the Nuremberg trials were – military tribunals that prosecuted Nazi leaders.

Body:

Write first some of the terms imposed on Germany under the Treaty of Versailles – lost territory, lost colonies, the reparations clause, etc. Then, why were the Germans were unhappy with the terms? Finally, how the chain of events following the Treaty led to the rise of Hitler and consequently the 2nd world war (creation of a “forced” republic, how the republic crushed socialist movements, the economic crises, rise of Hitler).

Conclusion:

Conclude by mention a relatively forgiving peace following the second world war as opposed to the first, averted a third world war.