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Cyclones will further amplify with impact of Climate change and significantly increase the vulnerability of the coastal population. Developing appropriate coping strategies and risk reduction plans, along with greater public awareness, is a must disaster management in India. Analyse.

Topic: Disaster and disaster management

6. Cyclones will further amplify with impact of Climate change and significantly increase the vulnerability of the coastal population. Developing appropriate coping strategies and risk reduction plans, along with greater public awareness, is a must disaster management in India. Analyse. (250 words)

Difficulty level: Moderate

Reference: The Hindu

Why the question:

Cyclone Gulab which made landfall on Sunday evening at Kalingaptnam left a trail of destruction in the north coastal districts of Andhra Pradesh, throwing normal life out of gear.

Key Demand of the question:

To write about the further vulnerability of coastal states to the cyclones in the face of climate changed and measures needed to adapt and cope with it.

Directive word: 

Analyse – When asked to analyse, you must examine methodically the structure or nature of the topic by separating it into component parts and present them in a summary.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction: 

Start with brief introduction on cyclones that have affected India in recent times.

Body:

In first part, cite increasing frequency of cyclones on both the eastern and western coast of India due to impact of climate change.

Next, bring out the economic costs and human costs as a result of devastation caused by the severe cyclones.

Write about the steps that are needed. Enhancing national, state, district and local level advocacy partnerships and knowledge management for mainstreaming disaster risk reduction, Developing hazard risk management tools, methodologies and practices etc.

Conclusion:

Conclude with a way forward.