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[MISSION 2022] Insights SECURE 2022 : Daily UPSC Mains Answer Writing Practice: 27 September 2021

 

 

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Dear Students,

Last week, the final results were declared and you can read the testimony of toppers about the importance of mains answer writing. You guys have been writing well. Keep getting better at it everyday and you shall see your name in the final list.

Here are the students who wrote good answers consistently over the past week:

  1. Niki Pandey
  2. Prashant
  3. Nirmala
  4. Dipshikha

Wishing you all a very productive week ahead.


General Studies – 1


 

Topic: History of the world will include events from 18th century such as industrial revolution, world wars, redrawal of national boundaries, colonization, decolonization, political philosophies like communism, capitalism, socialism etc.— their forms and effect on the society.

1. The assassination of Archduke Franz Ferdinand might have started The great War of 1914 but it was not inevitable or accidental, but began as a result of complex geopolitics and mutual hostility. Examine. (250 words)

Difficulty level: Moderate

Reference: Chapter-1: Mastering Modern World History – Norman Lowe

Why the question:

The question is part of the static syllabus of General studies paper – 1 and mentioned as part of Mission-2022 Secure timetable.

Key Demand of the question:

To write about geo-political reasons for the outbreak for the first world war.

Directive word: 

Examine – When asked to ‘Examine’, we must investigate the topic (content words) in detail, inspect it, investigate it and establish the key facts and issues related to the topic in question. While doing so we should explain why these facts and issues are important and their implications.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction: 

Begin by giving the context of assassination of Archduke Franz Ferdinand that started the great war of 1914.

Body:

First, write about the geo-political Tensions had been brewing throughout Europe—especially in the troubled Balkan region of southeast Europe, the alliances involving European powers, the Ottoman Empire, Russia and other parties had existed for years, The political instability in the Balkans etc, Hyper nationalism leading to mutual distrust.

Next, mention other factors such as economic and military causes.

Conclusion:

Summarise as to how the assassination of Franz Ferdinand set off a rapidly escalating chain of events resulting in the war.

 

Topic: History of the world will include events from 18th century such as industrial revolution, world wars, redrawal of national boundaries, colonization, decolonization, political philosophies like communism, capitalism, socialism etc.— their forms and effect on the society.

2. A combination of the New Deal and the beginning of World War-II lifted the U.S. out of The Great Depression. Elaborate. (250 words)

Difficulty level: Easy

Reference: Insights on India

Why the question:

The question is part of the static syllabus of General studies paper – 1 and mentioned as part of Mission-2022 Secure timetable.

Key Demand of the question:

To write about how the new-deal and the starting to wolrd war-II ended the great depression.

Directive word: 

Elaborate – Give a detailed account as to how and why it occurred, or what is the context. You must be defining key terms wherever appropriate and substantiate with relevant associated facts.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction: 

Begin by defining The Great Depression.

Body:

First, write about Roosevelt’s New Deal – Works Progress Administration (WPA), the Tennessee Valley Authority (TVA) However, increases in government spending and expansionary effect on the economy., positive effects on consumer and business sentiment.

Next, write about the World War-II role in the recovery of the U.S. economy. Military buildup, expansionary fiscal and monetary policy, widespread conscription beginning in 1942, full employment.

Conclusion:

Summarise the impact of the above two in ending the recession.

 


General Studies – 2


 

Topic: Structure, organization and functioning of the Executive and the Judiciary—Ministries and Departments of the Government

3. Improving the representation of women in the judiciary can ensure a more balanced and empathetic approach towards justice especially in cases involving sexual violence. Discuss. (250 words)

Difficulty level: Moderate.

Reference: The Hindu

Why the question:

Chief Justice of India N.V. Ramana on Sunday backed 50% representation for women in judiciary.

Key Demand of the question:

To argue for increased representation of women in the India Judiciary.

Directive word: 

Discuss – This is an all-encompassing directive – you must debate on paper by going through the details of the issues concerned by examining each one of them. You must give reasons for both for and against arguments.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction: 

Begin by giving statistic about percentage of women in the Indian Judiciary.

Body:

First, write about the impediments women face that leads to their skewed representation.

In the next part, write about the need for increasing the representation of women in the judiciary – To identify instances of gender bias in adjudication, to prevent discrimination against women in court proceedings, to develop gender-neutral attitudes and skills and to promote justice to women on the basis of equality guarantee of the Constitution of India etc.

Write about how sensitive cases like sexual violence will get a different approach with increased representation of women in the judiciary.

Conclusion:

Conclude with a way forward to improve the representation of women in the judiciary

 

Topic: Government policies and interventions for development in various sectors and issues arising out of their design and implementation.

4. Ayushman Bharat Digital Mission is the coming together of technological initiatives to enhance high quality healthcare across the nations. Analyse its potential and limitations to achieve interoperability within the digital health ecosystem. (250 words)

Difficulty level: Easy.

Reference: Live Mint

Why the question:

In a historic initiative, Prime Minister Shri Narendra Modi will launch the Ayushman Bharat Digital Mission.

Key Demand of the question:

To write about the potential and limitations of Ayushman Bharat Digital Mission.

Directive word: 

Analyse – When asked to analyse, you must examine methodically the structure or nature of the topic by separating it into component parts and present them in a summary.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction: 

Start by writing about Ayushman Bharat Digital Mission’s aims and objectives.

Body:

First, write about the various features of Ayushman Bharat Digital Mission – seamless online platform, information and infrastructure services, interoperable, longitudinal health records of citizens and health ID for every citizen etc.

Next, write about the potential of Ayushman Bharat Digital Mission – Accessibility, Quality healthcare, Reach, Benefits to hospitals etc.

Next, write about the limitations – privacy and security issues, awareness, role of private players etc.

Conclusion:

Conclude with a way forward to ensure maximisation of potential while minimising the risks.

 


General Studies – 3


 

Topic: Science and Technology- developments and their applications and effects in everyday life.

5. Evaluate the learnings from the Mars Orbiter Mission (Mangalyaan) for India. How will these help in socio-economic development of India? (250 words)

Difficulty level: Tough

Reference: The Hindu

Why the question:

India’s Mars Orbiter spacecraft has completed seven years in its orbit, well beyond its designed mission life of six months.

Key Demand of the question:

To write about how findings from mission Mangalyaan will help in achieving our developmental goals.

Directive word: 

Evaluate – When you are asked to evaluate, you have to pass a sound judgement about the truth of the given statement in the question or the topic based on evidence.  You must appraise the worth of the statement in question. There is scope for forming an opinion here.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction: 

Begin by writing about Mars Orbiter Mission and its objectives.

Body:

First, in the context of its stated objectives enumerate the learnings and findings from the mission as well as novel technology that was mastered.

Next, write about these will help in our developmental objectives – ’frugal innovations’ benefits, development of cutting-edge technologies, civilian applications of technology etc.

Conclusion:

Conclude by writing further missions can shape not only the stature of India as a space power but as well aid in its developmental ambitions.

 

Topic: Challenges to internal security through communication networks, role of media and social networking sites in internal security challenges, basics of cyber security;

6. What kinds of cyber weapons are used in cyber-warfare? Do you think India should try and achieve deterrence by focussing on building cyber weapons? Critically Examine. (250 words)

Difficulty level: Moderate

Reference: Live Mint

Why the question:

Citing studies by a Russian cyber security firm, Forbes magazine’s Thomas Brewster reported last week that hackers associated with the Indian government (designated ‘Bitter APT’ by the industry) used commercially available zero-day exploits to break into Chinese and Pakistani government-linked computers.

Key Demand of the question:

To debate if India should its increase cyberwarfare capabilities to achieve deterrence.

Directive word: 

Critically analyse – When asked to analyse, you must examine methodically the structure or nature of the topic by separating it into component parts and present them in a summary. When ‘critically’ is suffixed or prefixed to a directive, one needs to look at the good and bad of the topic and give a balanced judgment on the topic.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction: 

Begin by defining cyber-warfare.

Body:

In the first part, mention the various kinds of cyber weapons – Viruses, phishing, computer worms and malware, distributed denial-of-service (DDoS) attacks, hacking, spyware or cyber espionage, ransomware and propaganda or disinformation campaigns etc.

Next, argue the impact Cyber warfare can have on our country. Substantiate with examples. Aruge for building cyber armament directly by the state.

Next. Argue on the other side as to unconventional nature of cyber warfare, lack of proper accountability and training etc.

Conclusion:

Conclude by passing a judgement on whether or not India should to work towards building cyber warfare deterrents.

 


General Studies – 4


 

Topic: Contributions of moral thinkers and philosophers from India and world.

7. Trusteeship, to Gandhi, was neither an economic expedient nor a make shift for him. It was a way of life. Comment. (150 words)

Difficulty level: Moderate

Reference: mkgandhi.org

Why the question:

The question is part of the static syllabus of General studies paper – 4 and part of ‘Philosophical Mondays’ in Mission-2022 Secure.

Key Demand of the question:

To explain about the trusteeship of Mahatma Gandhi and its aim of protecting dignity of beings over materialism.

Directive:

Comment– here we must express our knowledge and understanding of the issue and form an overall opinion thereupon.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction:

Start by defining the core idea of trusteeship philosophy of Mahatma Gandhi.

Body:

Further elaborate the concept of trusteeship with examples from Gandhian times to contemporary times. Gandhi’s economic ideas were part of his general crusade against poverty, exploitation against socio-economic injustice, and deteriorating moral standards.

He wanted to liberate the modern economic philosophy from the quagmire of materialism and bring it to a higher spiritual plane. Human actions were motivated by social objectives of the protection of human rights.

Conclusion:

End the answer by stressing the need and importance of trusteeship in present times.


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