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For achieving a welfare state, it is a constitutional obligation to uplift the weaker sections of the society. In the light of the statement, is caste census vital for taking necessary steps to achieve social equity? Critically analyse.

Topic: Welfare schemes for vulnerable sections of the population by the Centre and States and the performance of these schemes; mechanisms, laws, institutions and Bodies constituted for the protection and betterment of these vulnerable sections.

3. For achieving a welfare state, it is a constitutional obligation to uplift the weaker sections of the society. In the light of the statement, is caste census vital for taking necessary steps to achieve social equity? Critically analyse. (250 words)

Difficulty level: Moderate

Reference: The Hindu

Why the question:

The clamour for a fresh caste census is getting louder in the country. No political party in the country has publicly opposed the demand as yet, and most have supported the call.

Key Demand of the question:

To write about the importance of caste census in initiating welfare measures of the weaker sections of the society.

Directive word: 

Critically analyse – When asked to analyse, you must examine methodically the structure or nature of the topic by separating it into component parts and present them in a summary. When ‘critically’ is suffixed or prefixed to a directive, one needs to look at the good and bad of the topic and give a balanced judgment on the topic.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction: 

Begin by giving various constitutional obligations for achieving welfare state in India.

Body:

In the first part, mention the measures that have been take to uplift the weaker sections in India.

Next, mention about caste census in India – mention the data that is collected by it, the need of the data, its uses in policy making etc.

Next, write about the downside of caste census – caste-based politics, enhanced demand for affirmative action, widen social rifts etc.

Conclusion:

Conclude with a way forward.