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Maintenance and Welfare of Parents and Senior Citizens Act, 2007:

GS Paper 2

Topics Covered: Welfare schemes for vulnerable sections of the population by the Centre and States and the performance of these schemes; mechanisms, laws, institutions and bodies constituted for the protection and betterment of these vulnerable sections.

 

Context:

Coming to the aid of senior citizen parents, the Bombay high court has directed a man and his family to vacate a flat within 10 days, failing which police would be used to forcibly evict them.

 

What’s the issue?

As a last resort, the parents invoked the provisions of the Maintenance and Welfare of Parents and Senior Citizens Act, 2007 and the special tribunal under the Act granted relief to the parents, against which the son and his family moved the high court.

 

Background:

The High Court of Karnataka has said that there is a complete failure on the part of the State government to comply with its statutory obligation of establishing old-age homes as per the provisions

 

Overview of the Maintenance and Welfare of Parents and Senior Citizens Act, 2007:

  • This Act makes it legally obliging for adult children and heirs to provide for parents by way of a monthly allowance.
  • This Act provides an inexpensive and speedy procedure to claim monthly maintenance for parents and senior citizens.
  • According to this Act, parents could mean biological, adoptive or step-parents.
  • Under this Act, there are also provisions to protect the life and property of such persons (elderly).

 

Is it mandatory for the state to set up old-age homes as per the law?

Section 19 of the law says, the State Government may establish and maintain such number of oldage homes at accessible places, as it may deem necessary, in a phased manner, beginning with at least one in each district .

  • The State Government may also, prescribe a scheme for management of oldage homes.

 

Insta Curious:

The World Health Organization rightly observes, “population ageing is one of humanity’s greatest triumphs”. Why is it so? Read this.

 

InstaLinks:

Prelims Link:

  1. Who are Indigent senior citizens as per the act?
  2. Role of states as per the act.
  3. Other key features of the Act.
  4. Amendments proposed.

Mains Link:

Ageing has become a major social challenge. Comment.

Sources: the Hindu.