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National Engineer’s day

GS Paper 3

Topics Covered: Science and Technology- developments and their applications and effects in everyday life Achievements of Indians in science & technology; indigenization of technology and developing new technology. 

 

Context: 

Every year on September 15, India along with Sri Lanka and Tanzania celebrate National Engineer’s day to recognise and honour the achievements of the great engineer Mokshagundam Visvesvaraya. 

  • The day is observed to commemorate the great work of engineers and to encourage them for improvement and innovation. 

This year marks the 160th birth anniversary of M Visvesvaraya who was born on September 15, 1861, in the Muddenahalli village of Karnataka. 

 

About Sir M Visvesvaraya: 

  • An expert in irrigation techniques and flood disaster management, Sir MV was not just a great civil engineer but also served as the 19th Diwan of Mysore from 1912 to 1919. 
  • While serving as the Diwan of Mysore, in 1915 he was awarded ‘Knight’ as a commander of the British Indian Empire by King George V. 

 

Key contributions: 

  1. Patented and installed an irrigation system with water floodgates at the Khadakvasla reservoir near Pune to raise the food supply level and storage to the highest levels known as ‘block system’ in 1903. 
  2. The same system was also installed at Gwalior’s Tigra Dam and Mysuru’s Krishnaraja Sagara (KRS) dam, the latter of which created one of the largest reservoirs in Asia at the time. 
  3. He played an important role in the foundation of Government Engineering College at Bangalore in 1917. The college was later renamed after him as University Visvesvaraya College of Engineering (UVCE). 
  4. He is the one who designed a plan for road construction between Tirumala & Tirupati. 
  5. He played a key role in developing a system to protect Visakhapatnam port from sea erosion. 
  6. He also commissioned several new Railway lines in Mysore state. 
  7. He had designed and carried out the waterworks for the Municipality of Sukkur in 1895. 

 

Legacy: 

  • For his contribution to the building of India, the government awarded him with India’s highest honor ‘Bharat Ratna’ in 1955. 
  • In 2018, Google launched a Doodle on his birthday to celebrate his genius works whose endeavors led to the Tata Steel engineers invent an armored vehicle that was used in WWII and could withstand bullets. 
  • He was awarded an Honorary Membership of London Institution of Civil Engineers for an unbroken 50 years. 

 

Books Written by him: 

‘Reconstructing India’ and ‘Planned Economy of India’. 

 

Insta Curious: 

Did you know that the National Engineering Day is different from the World Engineering Day celebrated annually by UNESCO on 4th March? Reference: read this

Sources: the Hindu.