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Wellesley took a step forward to convert the British Empire in India to British Empire of India. Examine the policies of Wellesley in India.

Topic: Modern Indian history from about the middle of the eighteenth century until the present- significant events, personalities, issues.

2. Wellesley took a step forward to convert the British Empire in India to British Empire of India. Examine the policies of Wellesley in India. (250 words)

Difficulty level: Tough

Reference: Chapter 5 + Appendix – A Brief History of Modern India by Rajiv Ahir (Spectrum Publishers)

Why the question:

The question is part of the static syllabus of General studies paper – 1.

Key Demand of the question:

To examine the role of Wellesley in transforming British from major power to paramount power in India.

Directive word: 

Examine – When asked to ‘Examine’, we must investigate the topic (content words) in detail, inspect it, investigate it and establish the key facts and issues related to the topic in question. While doing so we should explain why these facts and issues are important and their implications.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction: 

Start the answer by writing about Wellesley and his imperialist ambitions.

Body:

First, write about how the supreme power in India, to add to its territories and to reduce all the Indian states to a position of dependence on the Company.

Next, Wellesley gave up the policy of peace and non-intervention and inaugurated the policy of war and further wars. Bring in the Subsidiary Alliance System and examine how it impacted India political setup.

Next, write about major wars and battles that were fought as well as steps taken by him to counter the threat of Napoleon.

Conclusion:

Summarise that by end of Wellesley’s tenure British went from one of the political powers in India to become the supreme power in India.