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[MISSION 2022] Insights SECURE 2022 : Daily UPSC Mains Answer Writing Practice: 9 September 2021

 

 

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General Studies – 1


 

Topic: Modern Indian history from about the middle of the eighteenth century until the present- significant events, personalities, issues.

1. What was commercialisation of agriculture? Discuss the impact of commercialisation of agriculture on Indian peasants and Indian markets. (250 words)

Difficulty level: Easy

Reference: Chapter 6 – A Brief History of Modern India by Rajiv Ahir (Spectrum Publishers)

Why the question:

The question is part of the static syllabus of General studies paper – 1.

Key Demand of the question:

To write about the impact of commercialisation of agriculture.

Directive word: 

Discuss – This is an all-encompassing directive – you must debate on paper by going through the details of the issues concerned by examining each one of them. You must give reasons for both for and against arguments.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction: 

Begin by defining commercialisation of agriculture in the context of colonial India. Mention few crops that were grown.

Body:

First, write about the impact of the commercialisation of agriculture on Indian Peasants – Indebtedness, Impoverishment and Instability in agriculture, oppression leading to resistance etc.

Next, write about the impact of commercialisation of agriculture on markets – shortage of grains, planters’ profits, changing patterns of land ownership, import of raw materials etc.

Conclusion:

Summarise the impact of commercialisation of agriculture as a potent tool of economic exploitation of Indian peasants.

 

Topic: Modern Indian history from about the middle of the eighteenth century until the present- significant events, personalities, issues.

2. Wellesley took a step forward to convert the British Empire in India to British Empire of India. Examine the policies of Wellesley in India. (250 words)

Difficulty level: Tough

Reference: Chapter 5 + Appendix – A Brief History of Modern India by Rajiv Ahir (Spectrum Publishers)

Why the question:

The question is part of the static syllabus of General studies paper – 1.

Key Demand of the question:

To examine the role of Wellesley in transforming British from major power to paramount power in India.

Directive word: 

Examine – When asked to ‘Examine’, we must investigate the topic (content words) in detail, inspect it, investigate it and establish the key facts and issues related to the topic in question. While doing so we should explain why these facts and issues are important and their implications.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction: 

Start the answer by writing about Wellesley and his imperialist ambitions.

Body:

First, write about how the supreme power in India, to add to its territories and to reduce all the Indian states to a position of dependence on the Company.

Next, Wellesley gave up the policy of peace and non-intervention and inaugurated the policy of war and further wars. Bring in the Subsidiary Alliance System and examine how it impacted India political setup.

Next, write about major wars and battles that were fought as well as steps taken by him to counter the threat of Napoleon.

Conclusion:

Summarise that by end of Wellesley’s tenure British went from one of the political powers in India to become the supreme power in India.

 

Topic: Role of women and women’s organization,

3. The decision to induct girls for permanent commission through the National Defence Academy is a step in the right direction which was long overdue in the process of achieving gender parity in armed forces. Elaborate. (250 words)

Difficulty level: Moderate

Reference: The Hindu

Why the question:

The Centre on September 8 gave the Supreme Court the “good news” that it had taken a decision to allow women entry into the National Defence Academy (NDA), so far a male bastion for recruitment into the Armed Forces.

Key Demand of the question:

To write about the attempts at achieving gender parity in Indian armed forces and suggest further steps that are needed.

Directive word: 

Elaborate – Give a detailed account as to how and why it occurred, or what is the context. You must be defining key terms wherever appropriate and substantiate with relevant associated facts.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction: 

Begin by giving context of recent decision aimed attempt at introducing gender parity in the armed forces.

Body:

Mention that the position of women in the armed forces, offers a limited window for any kind of change in the role of women in occupational and bureaucratic structures. However, there are changes being witnessed but at a slow pace.

Next, write about as to how the attempts at reform have been through litigation and by the orders of the SC. Mention the Babita Puniya case and the observations of the court in that regard.

Write about the reluctance of policy makers in this situation and their preference to maintain the status quo and their reasons, thereof.

Conclusion:

Conclude with a balanced way forward.

 


General Studies – 2


 

Topic:  Important International institutions, agencies and fora- their structure, mandate.

4. There exists an opportunity for India to be an advocate of reforms and a proponent of international law during its stint as the non-permanent member of United Nations Security Council (UNSC). Examine. (250 words)

Difficulty level: Moderate

Reference: Live Mint

Why the question:

India has just concluded its presidency of the United Nations Security Council (UNSC) for August.

Key Demand of the question: To write

Directive word: 

Examine – When asked to ‘Examine’, we must investigate the topic (content words) in detail, inspect it, investigate it and establish the key facts and issues related to the topic in question. While doing so we should explain why these facts and issues are important and their implications.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction: 

Begin by giving context about India’s recent presidency of the UNSC for the month of August.

Body:

First, mention the key resolutions and activities that were undertaken during India’s presidency with a special emphasis on Afghanistan.

Next, talk about how India can advocate for reforms in the coming months with respect to archaic membership structure of the UNSC, expansion of the UNSC’s permanent membership, structural inequality in the security grouping etc.

Next, talk about India as proponent of international law with respect to Afghan crisis, Israel-Palestine issue and efforts to maintain the rules based international order.

Conclusion:

Summarise that it is an opportunity for India to display leadership skills, establish itself is a responsible stakeholder, and indicate its commitment to global governance.

 


General Studies – 3


 

Topic: Indian Economy and issues relating to planning, mobilization, of resources, growth, development and employment

5. What are the major objectives and features of National Digital Communications Policy? Government intervention has become an absolute necessity to keep the telecom sector viable for the operators and affordable for common man. Comment. (250 words)

Difficulty level: Moderate

Reference: Live Mint

Why the question:

The government is expected to come out with a comprehensive relief package to support the ailing telecom sector soon and clear adjusted gross revenue (AGR) dues.

Key Demand of the question:

To write about the objectives and features of National Digital Communications Policy and to suggest measures to keep the telecom sector viable and affordable.

Directive word: 

Comment– here we must express our knowledge and understanding of the issue and form an overall opinion thereupon.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction: 

Start the answer by writing about National Digital Communications Policy 2018 and its objectives.

Body:

In the first part, write about major features of National Digital Communications Policy 2018.

Next, analyse the major issues prevailing in the telecom sector – Low profitability, AGR dues, consumer welfare, competition, possibility of Duopoly and financial stability.

Suggest steps that government can take to address this issue.

Conclusion:

Conclude with a way forward.

 

Topic: Issues related to direct and indirect farm subsidies and minimum support prices

6. A hike in the minimum support price (MSP) does not necessarily result in higher price realisation for farmers and thus needs systemic improvements. Analyse. (250 words)

Difficulty level: Moderate

Reference: The Hindu

Why the question:

The Centre has increased the Minimum Support Price (MSP) for wheat for the upcoming rabi season by 2% hike. Oilseeds and pulses such as mustard, safflower and masoor dal saw higher MSP increases of up to 8% in a bid to encourage crop diversification.

Key Demand of the question:

To write about additional measures that are required for price realisation after increment in MSP price.

Directive word: 

Analyse – When asked to analyse, you must examine methodically the structure or nature of the topic by separating it into component parts and present them in a summary.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction: 

Start by writing about MSP, its aims and objectives.

Body:

Give the context about recent hike in MSP for certain Rabi crops.

Next, mention the limitations of the hike in MSP. Non-realisation of Price, Lack of procurement, only beneficial for selected crops, Lack of quality control and payment immediacy etc.

Next, write about the systemic measures that are needed for farmers to get remunerative prices. Increasing procurement efficacy, increasing awareness level of farmer and considering price deficiency payments etc.

Conclusion:

Conclude with way forward.

 


General Studies – 4


 

Topic: Ethics and Human Interface: Essence, determinants and consequences of Ethics in-human actions; dimensions of ethics;

7. On one hand, in a watershed moment Mexico decriminalised abortion, on the other, we witnessed the state of Texas in U.S.A banning most abortions. Debate on the ethicality of abortions. (150 words)

Difficulty level: Moderate

Why the question:

The question is part of the static syllabus of General studies paper – 4 and part of ‘Abstract Thursdays’ in Mission-2022 Secure.

Key Demand of the question:

To debate upon the ethicality of abortion.

Directive word: 

Debate – Weigh up to what extent something is true. Persuade the reader of your argument by citing relevant research but also remember to point out any flaws and counter- arguments as well. Conclude by stating clearly how far you agree with the original proposition.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction: 

Begin by giving context and mentioning the ethical dilemmas associated with the act of abortion.

Body:

First, argue on the how abortion is unethical on the basis of abortion is deliberate killing of an innocent human being, A foetus as Moral personhood, Rights of the foetus and Causing pain.

Next, argue on the side of ethicality of abortion. foetus is not necessarily a ‘person’, rights of the mother’s bodily autonomy, dangers to mothers’ health etc.

Conclusion:

Pass a balanced judgement on the ethicality of the act of abortion.


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