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In the context of international relations, what do you understand by phrase ‘rules based international order’? Examine the multitude of threats to the rules based international order.

Topic: Bilateral, regional and global groupings and agreements involving India and/or affecting India’s interests.

4. In the context of international relations, what do you understand by phrase ‘rules based international order’? Examine the multitude of threats to the rules based international order. (250 words)

Difficulty level: Tough

Reference: The Hindu

Why the question:

As we are in the third decade of the twenty-first century, it is clear that the international liberal order is facing a moment of crisis as highlighted by recent events.

Key Demand of the question:

To explain rules based international order, the threats to it and ways to make it more multilateral and participatory.

Directive word: 

Examine – When asked to ‘Examine’, we must investigate the topic (content words) in detail, inspect it, investigate it and establish the key facts and issues related to the topic in question. While doing so we should explain why these facts and issues are important and their implications.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction: 

Begin by defining rules based international order/ Liberal international order.

Body:

Further Elaborate upon the core components on the rules based international order especially in the current times.

Next, in detail, bring out various geopolitical, economic, security, social and environmental factors that pose a threat to rules based international order. Cite examples to substantiate your points.

Bring out the impact of the threats to rules based international order and suggest steps to achieve balance of power, make it more multilateral and inclusive.

Conclusion:

Conclude with a way forward.