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Animal Discoveries 2020:

GS Paper 3

Topics Covered: Conservation related issues.

 

Context:

It is a document published recently by the Zoological Survey of India (ZSI).

  • It reveals that 557 new species have been added to India’s fauna in 2020, which includes 407 new species and 150 new records.
  • The number of faunal species in India has climbed to 1,02,718 species.

 

Important Species added:

  1. Trimeresurus salazar, a new species of green pit viper discovered from Arunachal Pradesh;
  2. Lycodon deccanensis, the Deccan wolf snake discovered from Karnataka;
  3. Sphaerotheca Bengaluru, a new species of burrowing frog named after the city of Bengaluru.
  4. Xyrias anjaalai, a new deep water species of snake eel from Kerala;
  5. Glyptothorax giudikyensis, a new species of catfish from Manipur;
  6. Clyster galateansis, a new species of scarab beetles from the Great Nicobar Biosphere.
  7. Myotis cf. frater, a bat species earlier known from China, Taiwan and Russia, has been reported for the first time from Uttarakhand in India;
  8. Zoothera citrina gibsonhilli, an orange-headed thrush earlier known from southern Myanmar to south Thailand (central Malay peninsula), was reported for the first time from India based on a collection made from the Narcondam island in the Andaman & Nicobar Islands.

 

Zoological Survey of India:

  • The Zoological Survey of India (ZSI), a subordinate organization of the Ministry of Environment and Forests was established in 1916.
  • It is a national centre for faunistic survey and exploration of the resources leading to the advancement of knowledge on the exceptionally rich faunal diversity of the country.
  • It has its headquarters at Kolkata and 16 regional stations located in different geographic locations of the country.

 

Insta Curious:

Do you know about the Species Recovery Programme, which is one of the three components of the Integrated Development of Wildlife Habitats (IDWH)? Reference

Sources: the Hindu.