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Automated Facial Recognition System (AFRS) can be a very effective tool in the investigation of crime but it has serious implications on the rights of the citizens. Hence there is an urgent need to put in adequate safeguards in order to protect civil liberties. Critically Analyse.

Topic: Indian Constitution—historical underpinnings, evolution, features, amendments, significant provisions and basic structure.

4. Automated Facial Recognition System (AFRS) can be a very effective tool in the investigation of crime but it has serious implications on the rights of the citizens. Hence there is an urgent need to put in adequate safeguards in order to protect civil liberties. Critically Analyse. (250 words)

Difficulty level: Moderate

Reference: The Hindu

Why the question:

The Home Ministry has given approval to the automated facial recognition system (AFRS) for identification of unrecognised bodies, missing children and criminals.

Key Demand of the question:

To write about how Automated Facial Recognition System (AFRS) impinges on the rights of the citizens and safeguards that are needed to prevent it from happening.

Directive word: 

Critically analyse – When asked to analyse, you must examine methodically the structure or nature of the topic by separating it into component parts and present them in a summary. When ‘critically’ is suffixed or prefixed to a directive, one needs to look at the good and bad of the topic and give a balanced judgment on the topic.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction: 

Begin by explaining Automated Facial Recognition System (AFRS) technology.

Body:

In the first part, mention as to how AFRS will help in tracking & detection of criminals. The need for it in the present day.

Next bring out the various implications of AFRS – its aspects on right to privacy, the test of proportionality, legality, bias, misuse etc.

Mention the safeguards that are needed to use AFRS in a responsible and an accountable manner.

Conclusion:

Conclude with a way forward.