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When the First World War broke out in 1914, there was a growing demand for self-government among the Indian nationalists and they realised the importance of unity of effort in opposition to the British rule. Comment in the light of Lucknow pact of 1916.

Topic: The Freedom Struggle — its various stages and important contributors/contributions from different parts of the country.

1. When the First World War broke out in 1914, there was a growing demand for self-government among the Indian nationalists and they realised the importance of unity of effort in opposition to the British rule. Comment in the light of Lucknow pact of 1916. (250 words)

Difficulty level: Moderate

Reference: Chapter-14 – A Brief History of Modern India by Rajiv Ahir (Spectrum Publishers)

Why the question:

The question is part of the static syllabus of General studies paper – 1 as mentioned in Mission-2022 Secure timetable.

Key Demand of the question:

To write about the growing demand of self-government during the first world war which became one of the reasons for the Lucknow pact.

Directive word: 

Comment– here we have to express our knowledge and understanding of the issue and form an overall opinion thereupon.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction: 

Begin the answer by giving the context of split in the Congress into different ideologies namely – moderates and extremists, the rise of Swadeshi and Boycott movements and the formation of All India Muslim League.

Body:

Mention the various major events during the first world war and how British were playing the politics of divide and rule.

Mention the details of need for Lucknow pact and the rising sentiment of self-rule among Indians as they realised that supporting the British in the World war was only causing loss of lives and erosion of Indian revenue and the Muslim league also sensed that the British interests weren’t aligned with their interests in the World war.

Mention the joint demands of the Congress-League alliance as part of the Lucknow pact.

Conclusion:

End the answer by the impact of Lucknow pact on the national movement.