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Oslo I Accord and Israel- Palestine Conflict

GS Paper 2

Topics Covered: Effect of policies and politics of developed and developing countries on India’s interests, Indian diaspora.

 

Context:

August 20, 2021 marks 28 years since the Oslo I Accord was finalized and signed after multiple rounds of intense secret negotiations, in a bid to advance a lasting peace process for the Israeli-Palestinian conflict.

 

What was Oslo I Accord?

Oslo Accords are a series of agreements between Israel and the Palestinians signed in the 1990s.

  1. Oslo I (1993) is formally known as the Declaration of Principles (DOP).
  2. The accord was the result of secret negotiations facilitated by then-US president Bill Clinton, and later followed up in 1995 by the Oslo II Accord.
  3. Oslo Accords were heralded by many as the closest to ever truly solving the Israeli-Palestinian conflict.
  4. However, the Accords in reality had served as an interim agreement between Israel and the PLO that provided a framework by which both sides could operate together in the West Bank and Gaza, in lieu of Palestinian statehood.
  5. It saw the transformation of the PLO into the Palestinian Authority, which was now seen as the legitimate governing body of the Palestinians.
  6. The agreement also mandated that Israel recognize the PLO’s new role as the representative of the Palestinian people, as well as mandating the Palestinian recognition of Israel’s right to exist.
  7. It created the most substantive changes to the West Bank and Gaza since Israel won control of the territory during the 1967 Six Day War.

 

About Oslo II:

Oslo II, officially called the Israeli-Palestinian Interim Agreement on the West Bank and Gaza, expanded on Oslo I. It included provisions for the complete withdrawal of Israeli troops from six West Bank cities and about 450 towns. Additionally, the pact set a timetable for elections for the Palestinian Legislative Council.

 

Insta Curious:

In the 1967 Six-Day War, Israel captured the Sinai Peninsula and the Gaza Strip from Egypt, the West Bank and eastern Jerusalem from Jordan, and the Golan Heights from Syria. Locate these locations on map and also know more about the war. Reference: read this.

 

InstaLinks:

Prelims Link:

  1. About Jerusalem.
  2. Six day war.
  3. Israel Palestine conflict.
  4. Gaza strip.
  5. Where is Al-Aqsa Mosque?
  6. About Oslo Accords.

Mains Link:

Write a note on Israel-Palestine conflict.

Sources: the Hindu.