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Explain the interpretation of ‘fraternity’ as mentioned in the preamble of our Constitution and what did our founding fathers envisage by incorporating it in the preamble? Do you think that the ideal of fraternity is now more relevant than ever in our country?

Topic: Indian Constitution—historical underpinnings, evolution, features, amendments, significant provisions and basic structure.

4. Explain the interpretation of ‘fraternity’ as mentioned in the preamble of our Constitution and what did our founding fathers envisage by incorporating it in the preamble? Do you think that the ideal of fraternity is now more relevant than ever in our country? (250 words)

Difficulty level: Moderate

Reference: Indian Express

Why the question:

A recent survey by US-based Pew Research Centre has indicated that religious communities in India, though they value religious tolerance as important, believe in the segregation of community spaces. This makes us ponder on the status of Fraternity in India.

Key Demand of the question:

To explain Fraternity and the reasons as to why it was included in the constitution and to comment on its relevance in the present day.

Directive word: 

Explain – Clarify the topic by giving a detailed account as to how and why it occurred, or what is the context. You must be defining key terms wherever appropriate and substantiate with relevant associated facts.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction: 

Start by defining Fraternity.

Body:

Write about how Fraternity mentioned in the constitution has been interpreted in India. Fading of divisions of caste and religion, ideology of friendship, mutual respect, despite all our differences, of religious belief, caste, language, culture, ethnicity, class and gender which leads to unity of the nation.

Mention the reasons why constitutional makers chose to include Fraternity in our preamble. Especially the arguments of Dr B.R Ambedkar in this context.

Write about the relevance of fraternity in the present day, especially in the times of pandemic. striving for a just and humane society, collective caring, social protection and reducing intolerance and communalism etc.

Conclusion:

Summarise the importance of Fraternity as the conclusion.