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The Uttar Pradesh’s draft bill on Population (Control, Stabilisation and Welfare) has flawed notions of carrot and stick and is non-empathetic towards persons with disability. Analyse the ethical issues in it.

Topic:  ethical concerns and dilemmas in government and private institutions;

7.The Uttar Pradesh’s draft bill on Population (Control, Stabilisation and Welfare) has flawed notions of carrot and stick and is non-empathetic towards persons with disability. Analyse the ethical issues in it. (250 words)

Difficulty level: Tough

Why the question:

The question is part of the static syllabus of General studies paper – 4 and part of ‘Abstract Thursdays’ in Mission-2022 Secure.

Key Demand of the question:

To highlight the intent and method adopted by the draft bill and the ethical issues surrounding it.

Directive word: 

Analyse – When asked to analyse, you have to examine methodically the structure or nature of the topic by separating it into component parts and present them as a whole in a summary.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction: 

Start by mentioning about the proposed two child policy in the draft bill and having two child, being a qualifier to get access to government schemes and subsidies.

Body:

Mention the issues surrounding the bill such as possibility of sudden high births, as young couples would try to have two babies in succession and get a sterilisation certificate as soon as possible. Bring out the ethicality of the incentives that are offered to adherence to the policy and ‘punishment’ in terms of disqualification etc for non-compliance.

Further, if couples have a child that is disabled, then they are entitled to a third child. This notion simply treats the disabled child as a no-child as per the draft bill. This is against the tenet of the rights of persons with disability as laid down in the United Nations Convention on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities. Ethical issues such as compromise on the dignity and equal opportunities in society arises etc.

Conclusion:

Need for an attitudinal change towards population control rather than coercive one.