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[Insights Secure – 2021] Daily UPSC Mains Answer Writing Practice: 3 August 2021

 

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General Studies – 1


 

Topic: population and associated issues, poverty and developmental issues, urbanization, their problems and their remedies.

1. Explain the concept of Silver economy. Do you think it can prove to be a source of opportunities? Discuss the challenges and the benefits of it. (250 words)

Reference:  oecd.org

Why the question:

The question is based on the concept of Silver economy, important from the Mains point of view.

Key Demand of the question:

One must elaborate upon the concept of Silver economy and discuss the opportunities associated with it as well as highlight the challenges and benefits.

Directive:

Explain – Clarify the topic by giving a detailed account as to how and why it occurred, or what is the particular context. You must be defining key terms where ever appropriate, and substantiate with relevant associated facts.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction:

Start with the definition of what Silver economy is.

Body:

A sector around seniors over the age of 50; Covering the needs and demands of seniors over 50, the Silver Economy covers many products and services using very different technologies, including home automation, sensors and connected objects. The sector deals with the heterogeneous and difference of consumption between working retirees and dependent older people, and evolves within a complex financing ecosystem that does not facilitate a clear definition of the sector stakeholders relationships.

Discuss how does a silver economy come into place and what are its pros and cons for a country.

Explain in what way a Silver Economy can be a source of opportunities.

Conclusion:

Conclude with way forward.

 

Topic: Indian culture will cover the salient aspects of Art Forms, literature and Architecture from ancient to modern times.

2. The Harappan metropolis of Dholavira is a precious piece of heritage now recognized by UNESCO and can be regarded as India’s earliest smart city. Comment. (250 words)

Reference:  Economic Times

Why the question:

The article is a neat write up that highlights the importance of India’s earliest Smart cities.

Key Demand of the question:

One must elaborate in detail the importance and significance of earliest Smart cities of India like the Dholavira.

Directive:

Comment– here we have to express our knowledge and understanding of the issue and form an overall opinion thereupon.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction:

UNESCO inscribed Dholavira in its World Heritage List, making it India’s 32nd cultural site and 40th overall site on the list.

Body:

Dholavira is located on Khadir Island in Gujarat’s Great Rann of Kachchh, near the sleepy village of Dholavira; its ruins are locally known as ‘Kotada’ (walled city).

Discuss in detail the significance of the city of Dholavira; explain why it is acclaimed to be India’s oldest smart city.

Explain what implications can be taken from such marvel architectures.

Conclusion:

There is an opportunity to ensure that this precious piece of Indian heritage is properly highlighted and carefully conserved for posterity.

 


General Studies – 2


 

Topic: Welfare schemes for vulnerable sections of the population by the Centre and States and the performance of these schemes; mechanisms, laws, institutions and Bodies constituted for the protection and betterment of these vulnerable sections.

3. Account for India’s strides in providing basic necessities since independence. Discuss the challenges in provisioning basic necessities before it. (250 words)

Reference:  Indian Express

Why the question:

The article explains that India has done well to reduce poverty. Policy must now aim at improving education, enhancing skills rather than giving freebies.

Key Demand of the question:

One must account for India’s strides in providing basic necessities since independence. Discuss the challenges in provisioning basic necessities before it.

Directive:

Account – Weigh up to what extent something is true. Persuade the reader of your argument by citing relevant research but also remember to point out any flaws and counter- arguments as well. Conclude by stating clearly how far you are in agreement with the original proposition.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction:

Start with some key facts highlighting the context of the question.

Body:

From more than 70% poor in 1947, the head-count ratio (HCR) of poverty in India dropped to 21.9% in 2011, as per the erstwhile Planning Commission’s estimates based on the Tendulkar poverty line.

Start the discussion with the efforts made by India in the lines of reduction of poverty, illiteracy, food security etc.

Secondly, talk about the challenges in provisioning basic necessities.

Present the current context.

Conclusion:

Conclude with way forward.

 

Topic: Welfare schemes for vulnerable sections of the population by the Centre and States and the performance of these schemes; mechanisms, laws, institutions and Bodies constituted for the protection and betterment of these vulnerable sections. Government policies and interventions for development in various sectors and issues arising out of their design and implementation.

4. How has the Pandemic made children vulnerable to human trafficking? Discuss the salient features of Trafficking in Persons (Prevention, Care and Rehabilitation) Bill 2021. (250 words)

Reference:  unodc.org

Why the question:

The document presents a brief upon the impact of covid-19 pandemic on the trafficking of children.

Key Demand of the question:

Explain in what way the Pandemic made children vulnerable to human trafficking? Discuss the salient features of Trafficking in Persons (Prevention, Care and Rehabilitation) Bill 2021.

Directive:

Discuss – This is an all-encompassing directive – you have to debate on paper by going through the details of the issues concerned by examining each one of them. You have to give reasons for both for and against arguments.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction:

Start with some key facts depicting the context of the question.

Body:

Explain that COVID-19 has further intensified the need for the law. Traffickers are taking advantage of prolonged school closures and loss of family livelihood. Although Anti-trafficking policies exist in India, where the system is found lacking is in the implementation of the laws.

Government agencies have rescued almost 9,000 children from trafficking since the first lockdown.

Explain how the Pandemic made children vulnerable to human trafficking?

Discuss the need for strong steps are essential to curb human trafficking.

Highlight the key features of Trafficking in Persons (Prevention, Care and Rehabilitation) Bill.

Conclusion:

Conclude with suggestions.

 


General Studies – 3


 

Topic: Indian Economy and issues relating to planning, mobilization, of resources, growth, development and employment.

5. Discuss the International Monetary Fund’s forecast about India’s GDP growth and analyse its implications on RBI’s monetary policy. (250 words)

Reference:  Indian Express

Why the question:

Later this week, on August 6, the Monetary Policy Committee of the Reserve Bank of India will unveil its latest monetary policy review.  Thus the question.

Key Demand of the question:

The article brings to us the International Monetary Fund’s forecast about India’s GDP and growth.

Directive:

Discuss – This is an all-encompassing directive – you have to debate on paper by going through the details of the issues concerned by examining each one of them. You have to give reasons for both for and against arguments.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction:

The IMF cut India’s GDP growth forecast for 2021-22 (or FY22) by as much as three percentage points. In April, IMF expected India’s real GDP to grow by 12.5% this year; in July, it revised that forecast to just 9.5%.

Body:

IMF points to two broad sets of reasons why it dialed down India’s GDP growth forecast. The first is the inadequate levels of vaccination. See the chart below, which points out how emerging economies such as India have only 11% of their population fully vaccinated. And the second key factor is the kind of policy support that the Indian economy has received.

Then discuss the implications of above forecast for RBI’s monetary policy.

Conclusion:

Take hints from the article and conclude suitably.

 

Topic: Conservation, environmental pollution and degradation, environmental impact assessment.

6. Account for the risk that climate change poses to the financial stability of a country and in this backdrop discuss the possible role of RBI in mitigation of such risk. (250 words)

Reference:  The Hindu

Why the question:

The article explains that the impact of climate change on financial stability is debilitating. RBI’s steps, though a little late are welcome.

Key Demand of the question:

Account for the risk that climate change poses to the financial stability of a country and in this backdrop discuss the possible role of RBI in mitigation of such risk.

Directive:

Account – Weigh up to what extent something is true. Persuade the reader of your argument by citing relevant research but also remember to point out any flaws and counter- arguments as well. Conclude by stating clearly how far you are in agreement with the original proposition.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction:

Start with the context of the question.

Body:

Like the Covid-19 pandemic, the impacts of climate change transcend both geographical and sectoral boundaries. The 2021 Climate Risks Index published by Germanwatch ranks India among the top 10 most vulnerable countries.

Explain that Climate change poses significant tail risks with catastrophic system-wide consequences to the stability of entire financial systems. These risks — termed ‘green swan risks’ — can manifest themselves through two channels.

Then discuss the role that RBI must play in mitigation of such risk.

 Conclusion:

Conclude with way forward.

 

Topic: Infrastructure: Energy, Ports, Roads, Airports, Railways etc.

7.  Elaborate upon the risks and concerns associated with nuclear energy future . (250 words)

Reference:  The Hindu

Why the question:

The article brings to us the fact that no one can predict whether the space adventure of Mr. Bezos or the nuclear venture of Mr. Gates will benefit the U.S. and the wider world. But there are significant risks that need to be addressed.

Key Demand of the question:

Elaborate upon the risks and concerns associated with nuclear energy future .

Directive:

Elaborate – Give a detailed account as to how and why it occurred, or what is the particular context. You must be defining key terms where ever appropriate, and substantiate with relevant associated facts.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction:

Start with prospects of Nuclear energy in general.

Body:

The answer body must elaborate on the risks and concerns associated with nuclear energy future.

As per International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA) article, post-2011 Fukushima disaster global community has turned to strengthen nuclear safety and has opted to phase out nuclear power.

Lack of sustainable nuclear policy and financing framework.

In India, the expected installation of imported reactors did not materialize because of our liability law and anti-nuclear protests in proposed locations.

Talk about the risks of nuclear proliferation. The fast breeder reactor of Bill Gates can “breed” excess plutonium, which can be used for developing a bomb.

Risks of commercialization; Availability of plutonium and enriched uranium through commercial channels would be fraught with inherent dangers.

Discuss the concerns around policies of India and China.

Conclusion:

Conclude with what should be the way forward.


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