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International Tiger Day

Topics Covered: Conservation related issues.

International Tiger Day:


Context:

International Tiger Day is celebrated on July 29 every year to raise awareness about the dwindling population of the endangered cat.

It is the anniversary of the agreement of Saint Petersburg Tiger Summit in Russia in 2010.

  • It was declared by representatives that the tiger populated countries would make efforts to double the tiger population by the year 2022.

 

The theme for the 2021 International Tiger Day is “Their survival is in our hands”.

Key facts related to tiger population:

  1. As per the World Wide Fund for Nature, the number of tigers dropped by 95 per cent over the past 150 years.
  2. India is the land of royal tigers and current tiger population stands at 2967 which is 70 per cent of the global tiger population.
  3. Madhya Pradesh has the highest number of tigers at 526, closely followed by Karnataka (524) and Uttarakhand (442).
  4. Kanha Tiger Reserve in Madhya Pradesh is the first tiger reserve in India to officially introduce a mascot, Bhoorsingh the Barasingha.

 

Conservation efforts- National and Global:

  1. The National Tiger Conservation Authority (NTCA) has launched the M-STrIPES (Monitoring System for Tigers – Intensive Protection and Ecological Status), a mobile monitoring system for forest guards.
  2. At the Petersburg Tiger Summit in 2010, leaders of 13 tiger range countries resolved to do more for the tiger and embarked on efforts to double its number in the wild, with a popular slogan ‘T X 2’.
  3. The Global Tiger Initiative (GTI) program of the World Bank, using its presence and convening ability, brought global partners together to strengthen the tiger agenda.
  4. Over the years, the initiative has institutionalised itself as a separate entity in the form of the Global Tiger Initiative Council (GTIC), with its two arms –the Global Tiger Forum and the Global Snow Leopard Ecosystem Protection Program.
  5. The Project Tiger, launched way back in 1973, has grown to more than 50 reserves amounting to almost 2.2% of the country’s geographical area.

 

Protection Status:

  1. Indian Wildlife (Protection) Act, 1972: Schedule I.
  2. International Union for Conservation of Nature (IUCN) Red List: Endangered.
  3. Convention on International Trade in Endangered Species of Wild Fauna and Flora (CITES): Appendix I.

tiger_day

 

Insta Curious: 

  1. Did you know that the fourth cycle of the All India Tiger Estimation 2018 has entered the Guinness World Record for being the world’s largest camera trap wildlife survey? How is tiger survey carried out in India? Reference: 
  2. India’s 14 Tiger Reserves got Global CA/TS recognition for good Tiger Conservation. What does the accreditation of the Global Conservation Assured|Tiger Standards (CA|TS)? Reference: 

 

InstaLinks:

Prelims Link:

  1. Differences between National Parks, wildlife sanctuaries and biosphere reserves.
  2. M-STrIPES is related to?
  3. What is GTIC?
  4. When was project tiger launched?
  5. NTCA- composition and functions.
  6. Why the fourth cycle of the All India Tiger Estimation 2018 entered Guinness Record book recently?
  7. State with highest number of tigers.
  8. State with highest tiger density.

Mains Link:

The centrality of tiger agenda is an ecological necessity for the sustainability of our environment. In this context, examine the steps taken by India to conserve tigers?

Sources: the Hindu.