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The floods in Europe are a wake­up call for us to adopt the Dutch mantra, ‘live with water, and build with nature’. Elucidate.

Topic: Disaster and disaster management.

3. The floods in Europe are a wake­up call for us to adopt the Dutch mantra, ‘live with water, and build with nature’. Elucidate. (250 words)

Reference:  The Hindu

Why the question:

A month’s rain poured in just 24 hours in the worst-affected areas of Germany and Belgium. This caused multiple rivers to burst their banks and flood parts of the two countries as well as the Netherlands, Luxembourg and Switzerland. It is believed that these areas of Europe have not witnessed such heavy rainfall for more than a century.

 Key Demand of the question:

Explain in what way the floods in Europe serve as a wake­up call to us in India to adopt pragmatic policies and practices that are nature friendly.

Directive:

Elucidate – Give a detailed account as to how and why it occurred, or what is the particular context. You must be defining key terms where ever appropriate, and substantiate with relevant associated facts.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction:

Start with the context of the question, state the associated facts.

Body:

The answer body must have the following aspects covered:

Talk about the reasons for rising floods: the cause of the floods is attributed to climate change. Experts say the more CO2 the world emits into the atmosphere, the warmer will be the air temperature.

Then talk about the Dutch model of flood prevention. The Dutch have gone beyond their conventional dependence on dikes, dams, walls and gates to protect themselves from floods. Their current disaster resilience mantra is to live with water, build with nature and make room for the river.

They champion creating adequate space for rivers to overflow by protecting floodplains from human interference, deepening river­ beds and creating alternate channels for excess water.

Conclusion:

Conclude that the floods in Europe serve as a wake­up call to us in India to adopt pragmatic policies and practices that are nature friendly.