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What changes have occurred in the climate trends over the Arabian Sea in the recent times? Analyse and suggest way forward to mitigate the change.

Topic: GS-1: Important Geophysical phenomena such as earthquakes, Tsunami, Volcanic activity, cyclone etc., geographical features and their location-changes in critical geographical features (including water-bodies and ice-caps) and in flora and fauna and the effects of such changes.

GS-3: Disaster and disaster management.

5. What changes have occurred in the climate trends over the Arabian Sea in the recent times? Analyse and suggest way forward to mitigate the change. (250 words)

Reference:  The Hindu

Why the question:

The article highlights the impacts of Climate Change on the seasons of India.

Key Demand of the question:

Discuss in detail the changes that have occurred in the climate trends over the Arabian Sea in the recent times.

Directive:

AnalyzeWhen asked to analyse, you have to examine methodically the structure or nature of the topic by separating it into component parts and present them as a whole in a summary.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction:

According to a new study published in Climate Dynamics, there has been a 52 percent increase in the frequency of cyclones over the Arabian Sea from 2001 to 2019. Whereas a drop of 8%  over the Bay of Bengal was observed, compared to 1982-2002. The Bay of Bengal has historically seen the most cyclones.

Body:

The answer body must have the following aspects covered:

First analyse the causative factors in detail and explain the impact of it.

Extreme events such as bursts of heavy localized rainfall, lengthy droughts, and heat waves are likely to become more common. It emphasizes the importance of good forecasts that can predict such events at least three to five days ahead of time.

Discuss what needs to be done? – Climate-proofing is required in the most vulnerable areas and takes scientific risk assessments seriously. Good forecasts are need of the hour.

Suggest what needs to be done.

Conclusion:

International climate change accords to reduce greenhouse gas emissions would only help the world in the long run, but what is done now will determine whether we survive or thrive.