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Marine life is facing threats from human-induced pollutants, in this context discuss what are Ghost Nets? and why they require urgent action? Explain.

Topic: Conservation, environmental pollution and degradation, environmental impact assessment.

5. Marine life is facing threats from human-induced pollutants, in this context discuss what are Ghost Nets? and why they require urgent action? Explain. (250 words)

Reference:  Times of India

Why the question:

The article explains how ‘ghost nets’ threaten marine life and human beings.

Key Demand of the question:

Discuss what Ghost nets are and why they require urgent action.

Directive:

Explain – Clarify the topic by giving a detailed account as to how and why it occurred, or what is the particular context. You must be defining key terms where ever appropriate, and substantiate with relevant associated facts.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction:

Explain first that the presence of plastic in the world’s seas is growing exponentially. The IUCN estimates that at least 8 million tons of plastic are discarded in our oceans each year.

The impact of such debris on marine life, which ingests it or gets caught in it, is enormous. Ghost nets increase this problem even more. These are discarded fishing nets cluttering up land and sea.

Body:

Discuss that Ghost nets put severe stress on marine species, which threaten their survival. A reduction in marine species is in turn worrisome for humans as it would reduce the oxygen level in oceans which currently holds 70% of the world’s oxygen.

Explain the menace of Ghost nets.

Talk about the initiatives taken to solve the problem of ghost net.

Conclusion:

Conclude with way forward.