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In the light of recent Pegasus attack in India, discuss the need for strengthening data laws to reassure the right to privacy of the individual.

Topic: Challenges to internal security through communication networks, role of media and social networking sites in internal security challenges, basics of cyber security; money laundering and its prevention.

4. In the light of recent Pegasus attack in India, discuss the need for strengthening data laws to reassure the right to privacy of the individual. (250 words)

Reference:  The Hindu

Why the question:

The editorial explains that the proposed legislation related to the personal data protection of citizens fails to consider surveillance.

Key Demand of the question:

Discuss the need for strengthening data laws to reassure the right to privacy of the individual.

Directive:

Discuss – This is an all-encompassing directive – you have to debate on paper by going through the details of the issues concerned by examining each one of them. You have to give reasons for both for and against arguments.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction:

Start with the recent incident of Pegasus cyber-attack.

Body:

Pegasus; is a spyware created by NSO Group, an Israeli cybersecurity firm founded in 2010. Pegasus spyware can hack any iOS or Android device and steal a variety of data from the infected device.

Discuss the worrying aspect of Pegasus spyware; how it has evolved from its earlier spear-phishing methods using text links or messages to ‘zero-click attacks.

Discuss how it impacted Journalists; in the absence of privacy, the safety of journalists, especially those whose work criticizes the government, and the personal safety of their sources is jeopardized. Such a lack of privacy, therefore, creates an aura of distrust around these journalists and effectively buries their credibility.

Discuss the need for strengthening data laws to reassure the right to privacy of the individual.

Conclusion:

Conclude with way forward.