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Discuss what are the issues with making welfare conditional? Comment in the light of recent controversy of Coercive policy measures taken to control population in the state of Uttar Pradesh.

Topic: GS-1: Role of women and women’s organization, population and associated issues, poverty and developmental issues, urbanization, their problems and their remedies.

GS-2: Welfare schemes for vulnerable sections of the population by the Centre and States and the performance of these schemes; mechanisms, laws, institutions and Bodies constituted for the protection and betterment of these vulnerable sections.

1. Discuss what are the issues with making welfare conditional? Comment in the light of recent controversy of Coercive policy measures taken to control population in the state of Uttar Pradesh. (250 words)

Reference:  The Hindu

Why the question:

Recently, the government of Uttar Pradesh released a “Population Policy” in which it stated its intention to bring the gross fertility rate in the State down from the existing 2.7 to 2.1 by 2026.

Key Demand of the question:

Discuss the issues with making welfare conditional with suitable illustrations.

Directive:

Discuss – This is an all-encompassing directive – you have to debate on paper by going through the details of the issues concerned by examining each one of them. You have to give reasons for both for and against arguments.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction:

Start with recent example of population control measures taken up by UP.

Body:

The answer body must have the following aspects covered:

Discuss the issues with coercive population control policies; through an affidavit filed in court, the central government argued that “international experience shows that any coercion to have a certain number of children is counter-productive and leads to demographic distortions”,against international obligations, against right to reproductive freedom and privacy etc.

Suggest why welfare should not be made conditional.

Conclusion:

Conclude with way forward.