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The withdrawal of US troops from Afghanistan has steered emergence of new tests for the regional powers. Analyse.

Topic: Regional and global groupings and agreements involving India and/or affecting India’s interests

2. The withdrawal of US troops from Afghanistan has steered emergence of new tests for the regional powers. Analyse. (250 words)

Reference:  Indian Express

Why the question:

The article talks about the scenarios emerging in Afghanistan and the region after withdrawal of American troops.

Key Demand of the question:

Analyse in what way withdrawal of US troops from Afghanistan has steered emergence of new tests for the regional powers.

Directive:

Analyze – When asked to analyse, you have to examine methodically the structure or nature of the topic by separating it into component parts and present them as a whole in a summary.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction:

Start with brief background of the question.

Body:

The speedy withdrawal of US troops from Afghanistan has been matched by the swift advance of the Taliban across the nation. While the US has confirmed that 90% of the withdrawal is done, the Taliban has claimed that it is in control of 85% of Afghanistan territory.

These developments have moved Afghanistan into the court of regional powers that now have the burden of managing the military vacuum created by the US retreat.

Talk about US Withdrawal and regional Powers.

Highlight India’s role; India should focus on intensifying its engagement with various Afghan groups, including the Taliban and finding effective regional partners to secure its interests in a changing Afghanistan.

Conclusion:

The US’s exit from Afghanistan has triggered Taliban emergence, geopolitical flux and thus, instability in the region. Explain that as these factors will increasingly push India into a geopolitical tough spot in the region, smart statecraft, therefore, is required to deal with changing dynamics in Afghanistan.