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Account for how zoonotic diseases have impacted humankind since the beginning of its association with animals. Also, explain what possible steps should be taken to minimize the risk of future pandemics and mitigate its impact.

Topic: GS-2: Issues relating to development and management of Social Sector/Services relating to Health, Education, Human Resources.

GS-3: Science and Technology- developments and their applications and effects in everyday life.

6. Account for how zoonotic diseases have impacted humankind since the beginning of its association with animals. Also, explain what possible steps should be taken to minimize the risk of future pandemics and mitigate its impact. (250 words)

Reference:  Hindustan Times

Why the question:

The article highlights the scale and spread of zoonotic diseases every year resulting in socio- economic disruption like recently done by COVID-19.

Key Demand of the question:

Account for how zoonotic diseases have impacted humankind since the beginning of its association with animals. And also suggest solutions to address these issues.

Directive:

Account – Weigh up to what extent something is true. Persuade the reader of your argument by citing relevant research but also remember to point out any flaws and counter- arguments as well. Conclude by stating clearly how far you are in agreement with the original proposition.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction:

Start with what zoonotic diseases are.

Body:

Explain that despite repeated warnings about the possibility of zoonotic diseases causing large scale disruptions in human lives and activities, it is unfortunate that a problem of such devastating potential has so far failed to elicit the required support from policymakers and resource allocators.

According to several studies, increased incidences of zoonotic diseases in recent times are a direct consequence of the ongoing abuse of nature.

Discuss the reasons for increase in scale and spread of the same.

Suggest what possible steps should be taken to minimize the risk of future pandemics and mitigate its impact.

Conclusion:

Hence, if we need a comprehensive approach, recognized as One-Health, to target all our preparedness and responses and also, need to start repairing our fractured relationship with nature to minimize the risk of future pandemics.