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Commodities like rice and sugar form a major share of Agri-exports in India; however they need to be looked upon from a sustainability perspective owing to their water-intensive nature and production subsidies. Discuss the concerns and suggest measures.

Topic: Issues related to direct and indirect farm subsidies and minimum support prices; Public Distribution System- objectives, functioning, limitations, revamping; issues of buffer stocks and food security; Technology missions; economics of animal-rearing.

6. Commodities like rice and sugar form a major share of Agri-exports in India; however they need to be looked upon from a sustainability perspective owing to their water-intensive nature and production subsidies. Discuss the concerns and suggest measures.(250 words)

Reference:  Indian Express

Why the question:

The article highlights the unsustainability of agri-exports owing to their water-intensive nature and subsidies provided in their production. Thus the question.

Key Demand of the question:

Discuss the concerns associated with agricultural exports in India with respect to their sustainability.

Directive:

Discuss – This is an all-encompassing directive – you have to debate on paper by going through the details of the issues concerned by examining each one of them. You have to give reasons for both for and against arguments.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction:

Start with some key facts on Agri-exports; Agri-exports touched $41.8 billion in FY 2020-21, registering a growth of 18 per cent over the previous year.

Body:

In the answer body briefly explain the trends in agri-exports of India. During the last seven years, agri-exports have remained lower than the level reached in FY2013-14 ($43.3 billion). That was when the highest agri-trade surplus (exports minus imports) was generated ($27.8 billion).

Then move on to discuss why sustainability of agri-exports is a concern? – discuss the key concerns ranging from water intensive nature of crops like rice and sugar, issues related to subsidies etc.

Suggest what needs to be done, discuss the policy measures already in place for addressing these concerns.

Conclusion:

Conclude that to maintain the sustainability of the agri-exports, crops must be produced efficiently and with minimal subsidies. The government needs to take steps to ensure that with rice and sugar.