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Discuss the social impact of World War I on India .

Topic: world War 1, Great Depression

2. Discuss the social impact of World War I on India . (250 words)

Reference:  Contemporary World History by Indira Arjun Dev

Why the question:

The question is from the static portions of GS paper I , part World history.

Key Demand of the question:

The question is straightforward; one must discuss the social impact of World War I on India.


Discuss – This is an all-encompassing directive – you have to debate on paper by going through the details of the issues concerned by examining each one of them. You have to give reasons for both for and against arguments.

Structure of the answer:


World War I (WW I), also known as the Great War, lasted from 28 July 1914 to 11 November 1918. WW I was fought between the Allied Powers and the Central Powers.


The question is purely about the social impact of the World war I, thus explain in detail the social consequences of it such as – World war changed society completely. Birth rates declined because millions of young men died (eight million died, millions wounded, maimed, widows and orphans). Civilians lost their land and fled to other countries.

The role of women also changed. They played a major part in replacing men in factories and offices. Many countries gave women more rights after the war had ended, including the right to vote.

The upper classes lost their leading role in society. Young middle and lower class men and women demanded a say in forming their country after the war.


Conclude with significance of world war and its impact on the world as a lesson for the future generations.