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The Unlawful Activities (Prevention) Act of 1967 is India’s primary legal armament against terrorism. But its application has run into controversies on the grounds of breach of fundamental rights. Critically analyse.

Topic: GS-2: Government policies and interventions for development in various sectors and issues arising out of their design and implementation.

GS-3: Security challenges and their management in border areas – linkages of organized crime with terrorism.

5. The Unlawful Activities (Prevention) Act of 1967 is India’s primary legal armament against terrorism. But its application has run into controversies on the grounds of breach of fundamental rights. Critically analyse. (250 words)

Reference:  Indian Express

Why the question:

The article critically analyses the use of Unlawful Activities (Prevention) Act of 1967 as India’s primary legal armament against terrorism.

Key Demand of the question:

Critically analyse the use and misuse of India’s primary legal armament against terrorism.

Directive:

Critically analyze – When asked to analyse, you have to examine methodically the structure or nature of the topic by separating it into component parts and present them as a whole in a summary. When ‘critically’ is suffixed or prefixed to a directive, one needs to look at the good and bad of the topic and give a fair judgment.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction:

Start with the context of the question.

Body:

The three orders by the Delhi High Court are perhaps the first instance of a court calling out alleged misuse of the UAPA against individuals in cases that do not necessarily fall in the category of “terrorism” cases.

Then elaborate on the crippling effect of sedition and UAPA on dissent in India.

Such answers are best explained with examples.

Conclusion:

Suggest solutions to address the issue.