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What is the Reykjavik Declaration? Why is this declaration important for the Arctic region and India? Discuss.

Topic: Important International institutions, agencies and fora- their structure, mandate.

4. What is the Reykjavik Declaration? Why is this declaration important for the Arctic region and India? Discuss.  (250 words)

Reference:  The Hindu

Why the question:

Foreign ministers of the Arctic Council recently signed their first-ever strategic plan for the region, which will guide the body’s work for the next decade. Thus the context of the question.

Key Demand of the question:

Discuss what is Reykjavik Declaration and explain its importance for the Arctic region and India.

Directive:

Discuss – This is an all-encompassing directive – you have to debate on paper by going through the details of the issues concerned by examining each one of them. You have to give reasons for both for and against arguments.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction:

Start with what you understand by Reykjavik Declaration.

Body:

The answer body must have the following aspects covered:

The member countries’ Foreign Ministers of the Arctic Council signed the Reykjavik Declaration, reaffirming the Council’s commitment to maintain peace, stability and constructive cooperation in the Arctic region, emphasizing Arctic States’ unique position to promote responsible governance in the region.

In recognition of the Council’s 25th anniversary, the Ministers adopted Council’s first ever Strategic Plan that reflects the shared values, goals and joint aspirations of the Arctic States and Indigenous Permanent Participants. It will guide the Council’s work for the next decade.

Explain why such a declaration and strategic Plan required and important.

Conclusion:

Thus, conclude that the Arctic as a region for strategic competition has seized the world’s attention, but it is also necessary to ensure the rule of law, so that it remains a region free of conflict where countries act responsibly. Through this declaration and plan, the council can act as an enabler to make the Arctic a region of peace, stability, and constructive cooperation.