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What is meant by Genome sequencing? In the context of Covid 19 pandemic, analyse it’s significance in health sector.

Topic: Science and Technology- developments and their applications and effects in everyday life.

7. What is meant by Genome sequencing? In the context of Covid 19 pandemic, analyse it’s significance in health sector. (250 words)

Reference:  The Hindu

Why the question:

The article explains how genome sequencing is crucial to track SARS-CoV-2 variants.

Key Demand of the question:

Explain the concept of genome sequencing and analyse its significance in health sector amidst the pandemic.

Directive:

AnalyzeWhen asked to analyse, you have to examine methodically the structure or nature of the topic by separating it into component parts and present them as a whole in a summary.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction:

Start with the concept of genome sequencing first.

Body:

Explain how as variants of the COVID-19 virus emerge, genomic sequencing could help boost the public health response and provide the impetus to create value for future crises. Coronavirus has a tendency to mutate as they multiply which can have harmful, beneficial or no effects and so it is important to keep a track of the genome sequencing in order to check its virulence

Without sequencing data, public health authorities are blind to viral mutations that may reduce the efficacy of current response tools (for example, safety protocols, tests, vaccines, and clinical care) and are unable to take precise public health action. Sequencing is a powerful tool that enables public health authorities to improve precision, efficacy, and efficiency of public health response.

Conclusion:

Conclude with way forward.