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Accurate forecasts and resilience ­building are quintessential in handling severe cyclones. Elucidate.

Topic: Disaster and disaster management.

4. Accurate forecasts and resilience ­building are quintessential in handling severe cyclones. Elucidate. (250 words)

Reference:  NDTV

Why the question:

Cyclone Tauktae which has made landfall on the western coast of India has caused loss of life and destruction of infrastructure in Kerala, Karnataka, Goa, Maharashtra and Gujarat. Thus the question.

Key Demand of the question:

Discuss in what way accurate forecasts and resilience ¬building are quintessential in handling severe cyclones

Directive:

Elucidate – Give a detailed account as to how and why it occurred, or what is the particular context. You must be defining key terms where ever appropriate, and substantiate with relevant associated facts.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction:

Start with brief context of the question.

Body:

Given the fact that it is very likely that India will see more frequent cyclones every year due to global warming, India should work towards mitigating the damage to life and property from these adverse climatic phenomena. The following measures will help in this direction.

India needs to develop greater expertise in forecasting which will help in the issuance of precise early warnings.

Given the rapid intensification of cyclones, there is very little time available to take immediate measures for evacuation at the ground. State-of-the-art cyclone models are unable to pick this rapid intensification because they do not incorporate the ocean dynamics accurately. This is a forecasting challenge that needs to be addressed.

Discuss the importance of Disaster mitigation and resilience building.

Conclusion:

Conclude with way forward.