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Critically examine the recent judgment of Supreme Court in Maratha reservation case.

Topic: Structure, organization and functioning of the Executive and the Judiciary—Ministries and Departments of the Government; pressure groups and formal/informal associations and their role in the Polity.

2. Critically examine the recent judgment of Supreme Court in Maratha reservation case. (250 words)

Reference:  Indian Express

Why the question:

In its judgment striking down Maharashtra’s Maratha quota, a five-judge Constitution Bench was unanimous on 3 issues and split 3:2 on another 3. A look at how the Bench ruled on these 6 issues.

Key Demand of the question:

Critically examine the recent judgment of Supreme Court in Maratha reservation case.

Directive:

Critically examine – When asked to ‘Examine’, we have to look into the topic (content words) in detail, inspect it, investigate it and establish the key facts and issues related to the topic in question. While doing so we should explain why these facts and issues are important and their implications. When ‘critically’ is suffixed or prefixed to a directive, one needs to look at the good and bad of the topic and give a fair judgment.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction:

Start with brief background of the question.

Body:

The answer body must have the following aspects covered:

Briefly explain the verdict of Indra Sawhney case.

Then present the case of Maratha quota; the court held that there is no need to revisit the case. The court said that the 50% ceiling, although an arbitrary determination by the court in 1992, is now constitutionally recognized.

Present the arguments made by State and countered by the apex court.

Conclusion:

Conclude with significance of such judgments.