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Discuss the measures that need to be adapted to prevent fire hazards in hospitals during the COVID-19 health crisis and suggest post-disaster recovery plan.

Topic: Disaster and disaster management.

5. Discuss the measures that need to be adapted to prevent fire hazards in hospitals during the COVID-19 health crisis and suggest post-disaster recovery plan. (250 words)

Reference:  The Hindu

Why the question:

Over the past few weeks there have been deadly fires in hospital buildings, including those treating COVID-19 patients, thus the question.

Key Demand of the question:

Discuss the measures that need to be adapted to prevent fire hazards in hospitals during the COVID-19 health crisis and suggest post-disaster recovery plan.

Directive:

Discuss – This is an all-encompassing directive – you have to debate on paper by going through the details of the issues concerned by examining each one of them. You have to give reasons for both for and against arguments.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction:

Start with recent episodes of fire safety breaches that occurred in hospitals across the country.

Body:

The answer body must have the following aspects covered:

Discuss the reasons first – The National Crime Records Bureau (NCRB) says 330 people died in commercial building fires in 2019, while fatalities for residential or dwelling buildings were much higher at 6,329. Electrical faults are cited as the leading cause of fires, but State governments are also widely criticized+ for being lax with building safety laws and for failing to equip public buildings with modern technology.

Discuss what needs to be done. What measures must be taken to prevent these incidences.

Suggest a Disaster recovery plan.

Conclusion:

Conclude with way forward.