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SC paves way for ad-hoc judges in HCs

Topics Covered: Appointment to various Constitutional posts, powers, functions and responsibilities of various Constitutional Bodies.

SC paves way for ad-hoc judges in HCs:


Context:

Terming pendency of around 57 lakh cases in High Courts as “docket explosion”, the Supreme Court activated Article 224A to pave way for appointment of retired High Court judges as ad-hoc ones for a period of two to three years to clear backlog and came out with guidelines to regulate appointments.

What is Article 224A?

Article 224A, used rarely, of the Constitution deals with appointment of ad-hoc judges in High Courts.

  • It says “the Chief Justice of a High Court for any State may at any time, with the previous consent of the President, request any person who has held the office of a Judge of that Court or of any other High Court to sit and act as a Judge of the High Court for that State”.

Reasons For huge Pendency:

  • The Government is the Biggest Litigant.
  • Less Budgetary Allocation: The budget allocated to the judiciary is between 0.08 and 0.09% of the GDP.
  • Practice of Seeking Adjournments.
  • Delay in Judicial Appointment.

InstaLinks:

Prelims Link:

  1. Appointment of retired judges.
  2. Related constitutional provisions.
  3. Powers and functions.
  4. Procedure.

Mains Link:

The Supreme Court has pushed for the appointment of retired judges to battle pendency of cases in High Courts. Comment.

Sources: the Hindu