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Given the state of the water crisis and skewed rainfall distribution in the country, India requires to take steps beyond Jal Shakti Abhiyan (JSA) phase-II for water conservation. Discuss.

Topic: Conservation, environmental pollution and degradation, environmental impact assessment.

4. Given the state of the water crisis and skewed rainfall distribution in the country, India requires to take steps beyond Jal Shakti Abhiyan (JSA) phase-II for water conservation. Discuss.  (250 words)

Reference:  Business Standard 

Why the question:

NITI Aayog reckons that nearly 600 million Indians are already facing “high to extreme” water stress. The situation is set to worsen as the water demand is likely to double by 2030. Thus the question.

Key Demand of the question:

Discuss the need for adopting urgent water conservation methods in the country to address the water crisis.

Directive:

Discuss – This is an all-encompassing directive – you have to debate on paper by going through the details of the issues concerned by examining each one of them. You have to give reasons for both for and against arguments.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction:

Start by stating the current state of water crisis in the country.  

Body:

The answer body must have the following aspects covered:

Firstly present data that confirms State of water crisis in the country like – Nearly 600 million Indians are facing “high to extreme” water stress, likely to double by 2030. About 22 % of groundwater has either dried up or is in the critical category. India might lose nearly 6 % of its Gross Domestic Product (GDP) by 2050 due to water-related factors.

Then talk about the skewed rainfall factor. Around 88 cm of 117-120 cm (annual area-weighted average rainfall in India) comes in the main monsoon season of just four months (June to September).

Explain the positive aspects of JSA phase-II: A step taken for water conservation.

Conclusion:

Any meteorologists and hydrologists believe that India is not an innately water-deficient nation. It is the indiscriminate splurging of water that has made it so. Thus prudent management of water resources.