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RSTV: SCIENCE MONITOR 13.3.2021

RSTV


CSIR Floriculture Mission:

  • Ministry exhorted scientists of CSIR laboratories across the country to develop the land available at each laboratory to be set up as a model under the “CSIR Floriculture Mission”.
  • Recently, CSIR Floriculture Mission has been approved for implementation in 21 States and Union Territories of India wherein available knowledgebase in CSIR Institutes will be utilized and leveraged to help Indian farmers and industry re-position itself to meet the import requirements.
  • This Mission is being implemented in collaboration with Indian Council of Agricultural Research (ICAR)-Directorate of Floriculture; Khadi and Village Industries Commission (KVIC); Agricultural and Processed Food Products Export Development Authority (APEDA), Ministry of Commerce; Tribal Cooperative Marketing Development Federation of India Ltd. (TRIFED); Fragrance and Flavour Development Centre (FFDC), Kannauj, Ministry of Micro, Small and Medium Enterprises (MSME) and Universities.
  • Farmers have little knowledge about floriculture which can give 5 times more return than the traditional crops.
  • Floriculture has the potential to provide employment to a large number of people through nursery raising, floriculture farming, entrepreneurship development for nursery trade, value addition and export.
  • Despite the fact that India has diverse agro-climatic and edaphic conditions, and rich plant diversity, it shares only 0.6 % of global floriculture market. At least 1200 million USD worth of floriculture products are being imported by India every year from different countries.
  • Since 1953, CSIR has been developing new floral varieties and several value addition technologies. Through Floriculture Mission of CSIR, agro-technologies, new varieties and value addition technologies available with the CSIR institutions, efforts are being made to take these to farmers and entrepreneurs, and help them in multiplying their income.
  • The convergence of Floriculture with Apiculture as envisaged in the mission will yield even greater benefits.
  • The CSIR Floriculture Mission is expected to create opportunity for entrepreneurship development in floriculture . Infusion of latest technologies in the field of floriculture can be successfully led by CSIR.
  • The mission will focus on  commercial floral crops, seasonal/annual crops, wild ornaments and  cultivation of flower crops for honey bee rearing.
  • Some of the popular crops include  Gladiolus, Canna, Carnation, Chrysanthemum, Gerbera, Lilium, Marigold, Rose, Tuberose etc. The Indian floriculture market was worth Rs 15700 cr in 2018. The marketis projected to reach Rs47200 cr by 2024 during 2019-24.

World Kidney Day:

  • World Kidney Day is observed annually on the 2nd Thursday in March.
  • WKD is a joint initiative of the International Society of Nephrology (ISN) and the International Federation of Kidney Foundations (IFKF). World Kidney Day started in 2006.
  • To reduce the occurrence of kidney disease as well as related health problems, World Kidney Day is observed every year in March which is a global health campaign that focuses on the vital organ of the body that is the kidney.
  • In 2006, the first time World Kidney Day was celebrated by 66 countries and number increases in two years that is become 88.
  • Theme for 2021: Living Well with Kidney Disease
  • Objectives
    • To raise awareness about Kidneys and how to take care of them.
    • To inform people that diabetes and high blood pressure are the key risk factors for Chronic Kidney Disease.
    • To encourage people for systematic screening of all the patients suffering from diabetes and hypertension for Chronic Kidney Disease.
    • To encourage people about preventive measures.
    • To encourage people to adopt a healthy lifestyle.
    • To provide or ensure that Kidney patients are getting basic health services that they need like blood pressure, cholesterol control, and essential medications.
    • Need for transparent policies that govern equitable and sustainable access to advanced health care services like dialysis and transplantation and also better financial protection.
    • We need to break down the socioeconomic barriers and expand access to comprehensive services in order to meet the needs of the population which is essential to guarantee equitable kidney care and increase quality.

CERCA IIT Delhi:

  • The India Post launched a special post cover and post mark at the Head Post Office, to commemorate the first classic retrofit electric car by Centre of Excellence for Research on Clean Air (CERCA), IIT, Delhi.
  • Through this car, message is given to the government that converting old cars to electric ones will help curb pollution.
  • Moreover, it will generate employment for many people.
  • The main focus is policy change to promote mass conversion.
  • By old, it don’t mean just vintage cars, but also cars that are 10-15 years old. That would be the next campaign because we want to reduce the number of Internal Combustion Engine (ICE) cars and have more of them as electric cars.
  • The government has come out with a vehicle scrappage policy that any car older than 15 years can be scrapped.
  • But scrapping in itself is a challenge because we don’t have the right infrastructure in the country.
  • But if people get an alternative to retrofit their cars with electric motors, then there won’t be any need to scrap them.
  • Recently, the Delhi government has also launched the Switch Delhi campaign to promote electric vehicles. As part of it, Incentives on EVs ranging from a maximum of Rs 30,000 for two and three-wheelers and up to Rs 1,50,000 on the purchase of 4-wheelers will be given.
  • A 1948 Beetle became the first classic retrofitted electric car by CERCA, IIT-D.
  • One, we must have adequate charging infrastructure, and second, a battery swapping system. Readily charged batteries should be available, so that people can take it and leave their discharged batteries there.
  • CERCA is also working on projects to measure and curb the pollution levels. For instance, one project uses AI and machine language to forecast various traffic congestion hot spots in Delhi.
  • This model will identify hot spots and the local administration will take measures by rerouting the traffic, thus reducing the congestion.