Print Friendly, PDF & Email

[Insights Secure STHIR– 2021] Daily UPSC Mains Answer Writing Practice: 9 April 2021

Click on EACH question to post/upload you answers.

How to Follow Secure Initiative?

How to Self-evaluate your answer? 

STHIR – 2021: YEARLONG TIMETABLE

Join IPM 3.0 to get an assured review of 2 secure answers everyday

 


General Studies – 1


 

Topic: Social empowerment

1. Changing the perception of people towards the community by aiding society in erasing its biases and accept transgender people as equal human beings is the best way forward to address gender equality. Explain. (250 words)

Reference:  The Hindu

Why the question:

The article explains the induction of 13 members of the community into the Chhattisgarh police is an encouraging feat.

Key Demand of the question:

Explain in what way changing the perception of people towards the community by aiding society in erasing its biases and accept transgender people as equal human beings is the best way forward to address gender equality.

Directive:

Explain – Clarify the topic by giving a detailed account as to how and why it occurred, or what is the particular context. You must be defining key terms where ever appropriate, and substantiate with relevant associated facts.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction:

Start with a brief background of the position of Transgenders in Indian society.

Body:

One can quote the example and explain that the selection despite the lack of reservation for the transgender community highlights the physical and mental competence of the candidates and will help shed the stigma of identity, disability, criminality, or untouchability.

This will certainly help in changing the perception of people towards the community by aiding society in erasing its biases and accept transgender people as equal human beings.

Discuss the importance of changing the perception of people towards the community by aiding society in erasing its biases and accept transgender people as equal human beings.

Conclusion:

Conclude with solutions and methods to encourage such change in our society.

 

Topic: Social empowerment

2. India’s poor performance on the Global Gender Gap report card hints at a serious wake-up call and learning lessons from the Nordic region for the government and policymakers. Analyse. (250 words)

Reference:  Financial Express

Why the question:

The article explains the findings of the global gender gap report.

Key Demand of the question:

Discuss the learning lessons from the Nordic region for the government and policymakers of our country to address the gender gap.

Directive:

AnalyzeWhen asked to analyse, you have to examine methodically the structure or nature of the topic by separating it into component parts and present them as a whole in a summary.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction:

India has slid 28 spots to rank at 140 among 156 countries on the World Economic Forum’s Global Gender Gap index.

Body:

Explain the status of women in our society; Gender equality at the workplace has remained elusive. Early projections from the ILO suggest that 5% of all employed women lost their jobs, compared with 3.9% of employed men. Women represent just 27% of all manager positions. The share of women in professional and technical roles declined further to 29.2%. Indeed, the estimated earned income of women in India was one-fifth of men’s earning.

Amidst such statistics, the Nordic countries (Norway, Sweden, Finland, Denmark and Iceland) have long been rewriting gender parity norms as they have taken root at the top of the global rankings. They explicitly support gender equality at work, at home, and in public. It’s time for India to learn from Nordic countries’ forward-looking initiatives leading to a developed welfare state.

Suggest what policy makers and government should do to address these challenges.

Conclusion:

Conclude with way forward.

 


General Studies – 2


 

Topic: Structure, organization and functioning of the Executive and the Judiciary—Ministries and Departments of the Government; pressure groups and formal/informal associations and their role in the Polity

3. A just outcome of a legal process is far more important than expeditious disposal, In this context critically analyse the issues associated with Lok Adalats in India. (250 words)

Reference:  The Hindu

Why the question:

The article provides for a brief analysis of the Lok Adalats in the country.

Key Demand of the question:

One is expected to analyse the statement in detail and critically analyse the issues associated with Lok Adalats in India.

Directive:

Critically analyze – When asked to analyse, you have to examine methodically the structure or nature of the topic by separating it into component parts and present them as a whole in a summary. When ‘critically’ is suffixed or prefixed to a directive, one needs to look at the good and bad of the topic and give a fair judgment.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction:

Start with brief background of Indian judiciary in the context of the question.

Body:

The answer body must have the following aspects covered:

Present first a picture of endemic delays and excessive backlogs in Indian judiciary.

Discuss the associated issues in detail – fall in the efficiency of National Lok Adalat: Due to discontinuation of organizing NLAs on specific to subject matter (since 2017), Limitations of e-Lok Adalats, Questions over the quality of justice delivery, Money power domination etc.

Conclusion:

Conclude that a just outcome of a legal process is far more important than expeditious disposal.

 


General Studies – 3


 

Topic: Conservation, environmental pollution and degradation, environmental impact assessment.

4. What is the importance of coral reefs to the global environment and economy? Discuss in what way loss of corals can cause damage not only to climate but also to social, cultural and economic activities. (250 words)

Reference:  iucn.org

Why the question:

The question is based on the theme of coral reefs.  

Key Demand of the question:

Discuss the importance of coral reefs to the global environment and economy and explain in what way loss of corals can cause damage not only to climate but also to social, cultural and economic activities.

Directive:

Discuss – This is an all-encompassing directive – you have to debate on paper by going through the details of the issues concerned by examining each one of them. You have to give reasons for both for and against arguments.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction:

Start with brief introduction of what Coral reefs are.

Body:

Coral are made up of genetically identical organisms called polyps. These polyps have microscopic algae called zooxanthellae living within their tissues.

Discuss the benefits – Healthy coral reefs contribute to fishing and tourism, providing millions of jobs and contributing to economies all over the world. Scientists develop important drugs from coral reef organisms as treatments for cancer, arthritis, and viruses. But corals are threatened by pollution and climate change.

Explain in what way loss of corals can cause damage not only to climate but also to social, cultural and economic activities.

Conclusion:

Conclude with what needs to be done.

 

Topic: Linkages between development and spread of extremism.

5. The latest attacks by the Maoists in the Bastar region calls for a change in India’ anti-insurgency operations. Comment. (250 words)

Reference:  tribuneindia.com

Why the question:

The latest ambush by Maoist rebels on a large contingent of security personnel in Bastar is yet another well-planned and ruthlessly executed attack in a long line of similar attacks in the Maoist-infested regions of central India.

Key Demand of the question:

Discuss the need for a changed approach in India’ anti-insurgency operations.

Directive:

Comment– here we have to express our knowledge and understanding of the issue and form an overall opinion thereupon.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction:

Start with the current status of insurgencies in the country, present statistics.

Body:

The answer body must have the following aspects covered:

Discuss first the need for urgently dealing with the Maoist insurgents.

Explain the challenges in countering Maoist insurgency.

Discuss the ways to deal with Maoist insurgency.

Conclusion:

Conclude that Government should get the forces to participate in and collectively address a problem (Maoist insurgency) that cannot have a knee-jerk approach.

 


General Studies – 4


 

Topic: Public/Civil service values and Ethics in Public administration: Status and problems; ethical concerns and dilemmas in government and private institutions; laws, rules, regulations and conscience as sources of ethical guidance; accountability and ethical governance; strengthening of ethical and moral values in governance; ethical issues in international relations and funding; corporate governance.

6. The role of discretion is essential for competent decisions by civil servants but it is also among the main reasons for misuse of power. In the backdrop of the statement, discuss how the human conscience can work as an escort for right application of discretion. (250 words)

Reference:  Ethics, Integrity and Aptitude

Why the question:

The question is based on the theme of human conscience and decision making in public administration.  

Key Demand of the question:

One is expected to elaborate in what way the human conscience can work as an escort for right application of discretion.

Directive:

Discuss – This is an all-encompassing directive – you have to debate on paper by going through the details of the issues concerned by examining each one of them. You have to give reasons for both for and against arguments.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction:

Start with importance of discretion in public services and the need for it to be ethically right.

Body:

The answer body must have the following aspects covered:

Briefly explain why civil servants require discretion.

Explain good use and misuse of discretion with examples.

Give the meaning of conscience.

 Discuss hoe human conscience act and a guide for appropriate application of discretion.

 Mention some limitations of conscience.

Conclusion:

Even if conscience has subjectivity, it has very well recognized role in guiding human conduct.

 

Topic: Case study

7. Harsh, the bank employee approaches Bank Manager Mr. Roy and told that his child is suffering from Heart disease. He doesn’t have health insurance policy and salary is insufficient to meet medical expenses. But over the years, he is been collecting autographed T-shirts of various bollywood actors and actresses. So, he wants Mr. Roy to give permission to hold a charity auction in the office. Also, to send fliers to clients of the bank. Everyone is welcome to bid for these T-shirts, so that he can raise money for the medical treatment of his child.

Other bank employees overhear this conversation and also inform Mr. Roy — indeed Harsh’s financial situation is very bad and his child will die if the treatment is not done on time, therefore permission should be given to hold this charity auction. Should Mr. Roy give permission or not? (250 words)

Why the question:

The question is a case study based on ethical dilemma involving personal and professional ethics.

Key Demand of the question:

One must analyse the case in detail and suggest what needs to be done with suitable justifications.

Directive:

Explain – Clarify the topic by giving a detailed account as to how and why it occurred, or what is the particular context. You must be defining key terms where ever appropriate, and substantiate with relevant associated facts.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction:

Start by identifying the ethical cases in the situation.  

Body:

The answer body must have the following aspects covered:

  1. Because some members may informally feel pressured to give money -Especially Harsh’s juniors and subordinates.
  2. It might create a feeling of alienation between employees who bid and those who don’t.
  3. Next time another employee will try to do the same, may be with a trivial reason. And if Mr. Roy says no that time, it might create an impression Mr. Roy is biased towards certain employees- staff Morales goes down.
  4. it is best to keep auctions and other money raising activities out of the workplace irrespective of the noble benefits.

Conclusion:

Conclude with a fair and balanced opinion.


  • Join our Official Telegram Channel HERE for Motivation and Fast Updates
  • Subscribe to our YouTube Channel HERE to watch Motivational and New analysis videos